The section titled “Focused Research and Development” in Chapter 7 of this report, and the eight panel reports that constitute the main output of this study, describe the many areas of research and development needed to create the force capabilities that will shape the naval forces of 2035. Without a strong and sustained R&D program, few of the desired advances will be achieved.

The research and development section in Chapter 7 describes the areas of technology that especially require concentration in Department of the Navy R&D. Within other areas, the preponderance of R&D may be performed by civilian commercial enterprises, so that the Department of the Navy can concentrate its R&D efforts on military applications of a product. However, since civilian enterprises are coming to have a short-term view in today's competitive environment, the Department of the Navy must first ascertain that the civilian world will indeed meet its basic, long-term research needs before giving up such research in any key area.

Aviation has benefited strongly from sustained Navy Department and joint R&D efforts such as the Integrated High Performance Turbine Engine Technology (IHPTET) program. Such programs are especially needed now in surface ship and submarine R&D. These areas are all similar in that they make timely and sometimes rapid progress by steadily building on successive advances in specific technical areas, with periodic application of the advances to a major product development when new levels of capability have been achieved. Other unique areas requiring special Navy efforts in R&D include oceanography and ASW. The needed advances in these and the other areas listed in “Focused Research and Development” in Chapter 7 will be much more difficult to achieve without such a focused, sustained, and coordinated R&D program.

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