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Notes 1. ScienceIndicators, 1982 {Washington, D.C.: National Science Board, 1983. 2. Changing Employment Patterns of Scientists, Engineers, and Technicians in ManufacturingIndustries: 1977-80 "Washington, D.C.: National Science Founda- tion, 1982~. Engineering ManpowerBulletin, March 1984 {New York: American Association of Engineering Societies). 4. Ibid., July 1984. U. S. Scientists and Engineers: 1980. Surveys of Science Resource Series. NSF 82- 314 "Washington, D.C.: National Science Foundation, 1982~. 6. James E. Blackwell, Mainstreaming Outsiders: The Production of Black Profes- sionals (Bayside, N.Y., GeneralHall, 1981~. Engineering ManpowerBulletin, December 1983 (New York: American Associa- tion of Engineering Societies1. 8. U. S. Scientists and Engineers: 1982. Surveys of Science Resource Series. NSF 84 321 (Washington, D.C.: National Science Foundation, 1984J. J. W. Ceils, "The Faculty Shortage: A Review of the 1981 AAES/ASEE Survey," Engineering Education, Vol. 73, No. 2, Nov. 1982, pp. 147-154; "The Faculty Shortage: The 1982 Survey, " Engineering Education, Vol.74, No. l, Oct.1983, pp. 47-53. 10. B. O. Weinschel, "Engineering Underutilization, Possible Remedies." Paper pre- sented at the annual meeting of the American Society for Engineering Education, June 1984. Committee on the Education and Utilization of the Engineer, Engineering Educa- tion and Practice in the United States: Foundations of Our Techno-Economic Future "Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1985). John B.Slaughter,Science,Marchl3, 1981,p.1131. Labor-Market Conditions for Engineers: Is There a Shortaget Proceedings of a Symposium "Washington, D.C.: Office of Scientific and Engineering Personnel, National Research Council, 1984~. 43

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