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Chimpanzees in Research: Strategies for their Ethical Care, Management, and Use REFERENCES Al-Hasani S, Tolksdorf A, Diedrrich K, van der Ven H, Krebs D. 1986. Successful in vitro fertilization of frozen-thawed rabbit ooctyes. Human Reproduction 1:309-12. Allendorf FW, Leary RF. 1986. Heterozygosity and fitness in natural populations of animals. In Soule ME, ed. Conservation Biology. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Assoc. p 57-76. Anderson RM, May RM, Boily MC, Garnett GP, Rowley JT. 1991. The spread of HIV-1 in Africa: Sexual contact patterns and the predicted demographic impact of AIDS. Nature 352:581-589. Ballou JD. 1992. Potential contribution of cryopreserved germ plasm to preservation of genetic diversity and conservation of endangered species in captivity. Cryobiology 29:19-25. Balmaceda JP, Heitman TO, Garcia MR, Pauerstein CJ, Pool TB. 1986. Embryo cryopreservation in cynomolgus monkeys. Fertility and Sterility 45:403-6. Barre-Sinoussi F, Georges-Courbot M-C, Fultz P, Tuyet HNT, Muchmore E, Saragosti S, Dubreuil G, Georges A, vander Ryst E, Girard M. 1997. Characterization and titration of an HIV-1 subtype E chimpanzee challenge stock. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses, in press. Bourne, GH. 1977. Bear Island (Ossabaw) project ends. Yerkes Newsletter 14 (2). Candy CJ, Wood MJ, Carroll. 1993. Follicular development in cryopreserved marmoset ovarian tissue. Cryobiology 30:630. Carroll J, Whittingham DG, Wood MJ, Telfer E, Gosden RG. 1990. Extraovarian production of mature viable mouse oocytes from frozen primary follicles. J of Reprod and Fertility 90:321-27. Chen C. 1986. Pregnancy after human oocyte cryopreservation. Lancet 1:884-886. Choo Q-L, Kuo G, Weiner AJ, Overby LR, Bradley DW, Houghton M.
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Chimpanzees in Research: Strategies for their Ethical Care, Management, and Use 1989. Isolation of a cDNA clone derived from a blood-borne Non-A, Non-B viral hepatitis genome . Science 244:359-362. Choo Q-L, Weiner AJ, Overby LR, Kuo G, Houghton M. 1990. Hepatitis C virus: The major causative agent of viral non-A, non-B hepatitis. Brit M Bull 46 (2):423-441. Crawford MH, O'Rourke DH. 1978. Inbreeding, lymphoma, genetics, and morphology of the Papio hamadryas colony of Sukhumi. J of Med Primatol 7:355-60. Curran JW, Morgan WM, Hardy AM, Jaffe HW, Darrow WW, Dowdle WR. 1985. The epidemiology of AIDS: current status and future prospects. Science 229:1352-1357. Doran DM, Hunt KD. 1994. Comparative locomotor behavior of chimpanzees and bonobos: species and habitat differences. In Wrangham RW, McGrew WC, deWall FBM, Heltne, PG, eds. Chimpanzee cultures. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Pp 93-108. Dresser B. 1996. World's first test tube gorilla born. AZA Communique, March 10. Durrant BS. 1990. Semen collection, evaluation, and cryopreservation in exotic animal species: maximizing reproductive potential. ILAR News 32:2-10. Dyke B. 1993. Basic data standards for primate colonies. Am J Primatol 19:125-143. Dyke B, Gage TB, Alford PL, Swenson B, Williams-Blangero S. 1995. Model life table for captive chimpanzees. Am J of Primatol 37:25-37. Dyke B, Williams-Blangero S, Mamelka PM, Goodwin WJ. 1996. Future costs of chimpanzees in U.S. research institutions. ILAR Journal 37:193-98. Eichberg JW and Speck JT. 1988. Establishment of a chimpanzee retirement fund: Maintenance after experimentation. J of Med Primatol 17:71-76. Francis DP, Feorino PM, Broderson JR, McClure HM, Getchell JP, McGrath CR, Swenson B, McDougal JS, Palmer EL, Harrison AK, Barre-Sinoussi F, Chermann J-C, Montagnier L, Curran JW, Cabradilla CD, Kalyanaraman VS. 1984. Infection of chimpanzees with lymphadenopathy-associated virus. Lancet ii:1276-1277. Fritz J. 1986. Resocialization of asocial chimpanzees. In Benirschke K, ed. Primates, the road to self-sustaining populations. New York: Springer-Verlag. p 351-59 Fritz, J. 1989. Resocialization of captive chimpanzees: an amelioration procedure. Am J of Primatol, Suppl 1:79-86 Fritz P, Fritz J. 1979. Resocialization of chimpanzees: Ten years of experience
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Chimpanzees in Research: Strategies for their Ethical Care, Management, and Use at the Primate Foundation of Arizona. J of Med Primatol 8:202-21. Fuku E, Kojima T, Shioya Y, Marcus GJ, Downey BR. 1992. In vitro fertilization and development of frozen-thawed bovine oocytes. Cryobiology 29:485-92. Gajdusek DC, Gibbs CJ, Rodgers-Hohnson P, Amyx HL, Asher DM, Epstein LG, Sarin PS, Gallo RC, Maluish A, Arthur LO, Montagnier L, Mildvan D. 1985. Infection of chimpanzees by human T-lymphotropic retrovirus in brain and other tissues from AIDS patients. Lancet 1:55-56. Ghiglieri MP. 1984. The chimpanzees of Kibale Forest: a field study of ecology and social structure. New York: Columbia University Press. 226 p. Goff C, Howell S, Fritz J. 1994. Space use and proximity of captive chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) mother-infant pairs. Zoo Biology 13:61-8. Goodall J. 1968. Behaviour of free-living chimpanzees of the Gombe Stream area. Animal Behaviour Monographs 1:161-311. Goodall J. 1986. The chimpanzees of gombe, patterns of behavior. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University. 673 p. Gosden RG. 1992. Transplantation of ovaries and testes. In Edwards RG. Fetal tissue transplants in medicine. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press . p 253-79. Gosden RG, Baird DT, Wade JC, Webb R. 1994. Restoration of fertility to oophorectomized sheep by ovarian autografts stored at -196°C. Human Reproduction 9:596-603. Gould KG, Styperek RP. 1989. Improved methods for freeze preservation of chimpanzee sperm. Am J of Primatol 18:275-84. Hannah AC, McGrew WC. 1991. Rehabilitation of captive chimpanzees. Primate responses to environmental change. New York: Chapman and Hall. p 167-86. Harp R, Leibach J, Black J, Kelbahl C, Karow A. 1994. Cryopreservation of murine overian tissue. Cryobiology 31:336-43. Kimura M, Ohta T. 1969. The average number of generations until fixation of a mutant gene in a finite population. Genetics 61:763-71. Kola I, Kirby C, Shaw J, Davey A, Trounson A. 1988. Vitrification of mouse oocytes results in aneuploid zygotes and malformed fetuses. Teratology 29:467-74. Lacy RC. 1989. Analysis of founder representation in pedigrees: founder equivalents and founder genome equivalents. Zoo Biology 8:111-23. Lambert H, Citino S, Collazo I, Jeyendran. 1991. Penetration of zona-free hamster oocytes by ejaculated cryopreserved gorilla spermatozoa. Fertility and Sterility 56:1201-3. Lande R, Barrow-clough GW. 1987. Effective population size, genetic variation,
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Chimpanzees in Research: Strategies for their Ethical Care, Management, and Use and their use in population management. In Soulé ME, ed. Viable populations for conservation. Cambridge: University Press. Pp 87-123. Lederberg, J, Shope RE, Oaks SC, eds. 1992. Emerging Infections. Microbial Threats to Health in the United States. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. Lemon SM, Thomas DL. 1997. Vaccines to prevent viral hepatitis. N Engl J Med 336:196-204. Morin P, Moore J, Chakraborty R, Jin L, Goodall J, Woodruff S. 1994. Kin Selection, Social Structure, Gene Flow, and the Evolution of Chimpanzees. Science 265:1193-1201. Morris CL, Sullivan JS, McClure HM, Strobert E, Richardson BB, Galland GG, Goldman IF, Collins WE. 1996. The Nigerian I-CDC strain of plasmodium ovale in chimpanzees. J of Parasit 82 (3):444-8. Morse SS. 1995. Factors in the emergence of infectious diseases. Emerging Infect Dis 1:7-15. Mumford R, Chabin R, Chiu S, Davies P, Doherty J, Finke P, Fletcher D, Green B, Griffin P, Kissinger A, Knight W, Kostura M, Klatt T, MacCoss M, Meurer R, Miller D, Pacholok S, Poe M, Shah S, Vincent S, Williams H, Humes J. 1995. Amer J Resp Med Crit Care Vol 151 Suppl pA532. NRC (National Research Council). 1996. Guide for the Care and Use of Research Animals. Institute for Laboratory Animal Research. Washington, DC: National Academy Press 125 p. NRC (National Research Council). 1997. Occupational Health and Safety in the Care and Use of Research Animals. Institute for Laboratory Animal Research. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. NRC (National Research Council). In press. Pyschological Well-Being of Non Human Primates. Institute for Laboratory Animal Research. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. Noble SJ, Chesser RK, Ryder OA. 1990. Inbreeding effects in captive populations of Ruffed Lemures. Human Evolution 5:284-91. Novembre, FJ, Saucier MM, Anderson DC, Klumpp SA, O'Neil SP, Brown CR, Hart CE, Guenthner PC, Swenson RB, McClure HM. 1997. Development of AIDS in a chimpanzee infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1. J Virol 71:4088-91. Parkes RS and Ruffing NA. 1989. Factors affecting low temperature survival of mammalian oocytes. Theriogenology 31:1201-7. Pfeiffer AJ, Koebner LJ. 1978. The resocialization of single-caged chimpanzees and the establishment of an island colony. J of Med Primatol 7:70-81. Pope CE, Pope VZ, Beck LR. 1984. Live birth following cryopreservation and transfer of baboon embryo. Fertility and Sterility 42:143-5.
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Chimpanzees in Research: Strategies for their Ethical Care, Management, and Use Pope CE, Pope VZ, Beck LR. 1986a. Cryopreservation and transfer of baboon embryos. J of in vitro Fertilization and Embryo Transfer 3:33-9. Pope CE, Pope VZ, Beck LR. 1986b. Embryo culture, cryopreservation, and transfer in the baboon. J of in vitro Fertilization and Embryo Transfer 3:122. Purcell RH. 1994. Hepatitis viruses: Changing patterns of human disease. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 91:2401-06. Quinn TC. 1994. Population migration and the spread of types 1 and 2 human immunodeficiency viruses. Proc. Natl Acad Sci USA 91:2407-2414 Rall WF. 1993. Cryobiology of gametes and embryos from nonhuman primates. In in vitro Ferilization and Embryo Transfer in Primates. p 223-45. Ralls K, Ballou J. 1982. Effects of inbreeding on infant mortality in captive primates. Intr J of Primatol 3:391-505. Sakura O. 1994. Factors affecting party size and composition of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) at Bossou, Guinea. Intr J of Primatol 15:167-83. Sankai T, Terao K, Cho F, Ida S. 1992. Cryopreservation of spermatozoa from cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) and in vitro fertilization. Reichorui Kenkyu/Primate Research 8:225. Sankai T, Terao K, Yanagimachi R, Cho F, Yoshikawa Y. 1994. Cryopreservation of spermatozoa from cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis). J of Repro and Fertility 101:273-78. Satcher, D. 1995. Emerging infections: getting ahead of the curve. Emerging Infect Dis 1:1-6. Schroeder AC, Champlin AK, Mobraaten LE, Epping JJ. 1990. Developmental capacity of mouse oocytes cryopreserved before and after maturation in vitro. J of Repro and Fertility 89:43-50. Soulé ME. 1986. Conservation biology: The science of scarcity and diversity. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer. Soulé ME. 1987. viable populations for conservation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Summers PM, Shephard AM, Taylor CT, Hearn JP. 1987. The effects of cryopreservation and transfer on embryonic development in the common marmoset monkey Callithrix jacchus. J of Repro and Fertility 79:241-50. Thomas AW, Slierendregt B, Mons B, Druilhe P. 1994. Chimpanzees and supporting models in the study of malaria pre-erythrocytic stages. Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz Rio de Janeiro 89 (Suppl 2):111-14. Tollner TL, VandeVoort CA, Overstreet JW, Drobnis EZ. 1990. Cryopreservation of spermatozoa from cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis). J of Repro and Fertility 90:347-52. Traylor-Holzer K, Fritz P. 1985. Utilization of space by adult and juvenile
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