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Notes "Longhairs and Short Waves," Fortune, November 1945, p. 163. 2. Daniel C. Drucker, "Engineering-Key to Industrial Leadership," speech at Case Western Reserve University, April 14, 1982; L. Lessing, "M.I.T. and the New Breed of Hairy Ears," Fortune, February 1961, p. 129. 3. L. E. Grinter Chairman}, Report on Evaluation of Engineenng Education (Washing- ton, D.C.: American Society for Engineering Education, June 15, 1955~. 4. J. B. Wiesner {Chairman), Meeting Manpower Needs in Science and Technology. ReportNumberOne: Graduate Trainingin Engineenng, Mathematics, and Physical Sciences (Washington, D.C.: President's Science Advisory Committee, The White House, December 12, 19621. E. A. Walker (Chairman), Goals of Engineenng Education: Final Report of the Goals Committee (Washington, D.C.: American Society for Engineering Fducation, lanu- ary 1968~. New York Times, Nov. 1, 1970, Sec. VI, p. 28. New York Times, Nov. 7, 1970, p. 12; Nov. 8, 1970, Sec. I, p. 1; Nov. 20, 1970, Sec. m,p.3;May18, 1971,p. l;Junel3, 1971,p.86. 8. New York Times, Dec. 20, 1970, p. 29; March 29, 1971, p. 35. 9. NewYorkTimes,Jan.31, 1971,Sec.m,p.3. 10. New York Times, Jan. 4, 1971, p. 30; Jan. 21, 1971, Sec. m, p. 13; July 5, 1971, p. 31. 11. San Francisco Examiner,Aug. l, 1981. 12. John D. Alden, "What is Happening ~ Engineering?" Presentation at the Annual Conference, American Society for Engineering Education, June 21, 1972. 13. Science and Engineenng Doctorate Supply and Utilization, 1968-80, NSF 69-37 (Washington, D.C.: National Science Foundation, 1969) . 14. 1969 and 1980 Science and Engineenng Doctorate Supply and Utilization, NSF 71 20 (Washington, D.C.: National Science Foundation, May 1971~. 15. Summary Report 1982: Doctorate Recipients From United States Universities (Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1983~. 118

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NOTES 119 16. Science and Engineenng Doctorates: 1960-81, NSF 83-309 (Washington, D.C.: NationalScienceFo~ndation, 1983~. 17. Summary Report 1983: Doctorate Recipients From United States Universities (Washington, D.C: National Academy Press, 1984~. 18. ScienceIndicators, 1980 Washington, D.C.: National Science Board, 1981~. 19. Science and Engineenng Education: Data and Information, NSF 82-30 {Washing- ton, D.C.: National Science Foundation, 19821. 20. J. Geils, "The Faculty Shortage: A Review of the 1981 AAES/ASEE Survey," Engi- neeringEducation, November 1982, pp. 147-158. 21. W. Edward Lear, "The State of Engineering Education," [oumal of Metals, February 1983, pp. 48-51. 22. The Quality of Engineenng Education (Washington, D.C.: National Association of State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges, November 7, 1982~. 23. J. Geils, "The Faculty Shortage: The 1982 Survey, " Engineenng Education, October 1983, pp. 47-53 24. Projected Employment Scenarios ShowPossible Shortagesin Some Engineenng and Computer Specialties, NSF 83-307 (Washington, D.C.: National Science Founda- tion, February 23, 1983). 25. Energy-Related Manpower, 1983 (Oak Ridge, Tend.: U.S. Department of Energy, November 19831 26. L. V. Baldwin and K. S. Down, Educational Technologyin Engineenng Washington, D. C.: National Academy Press, 1981 ) . Lionel V. Baldwin, "Organizing and Managing a Technology-based National ~ngi neering College." Paper presented at the Sixth National Conference on Communi cations Technology in Education and Training, Washington, D.C., February 22-24, 1984. 28. Engineenng and Technology Enrollments, Fall 1981 1New York: Engineering Man powerCommission, 1982J. 29. Sue E. Bergman, Who Will do Science' (New York: The Rockefeller Foundation, November 19831. 30. Proceedings of the Engineenng Educators Workshop, Society of Women Engineers National Convention, June 29, 1979, Son Francisco. 31. Womenin Engineenng-Beyond Recruitment, Proceedings of the Conference, Cor- nell University, Ithaca, N.Y., Jtlrle 22-25, 1975. 32. B. M. Vetter, E. L. Babco, and S. Jensen-Fisher, Professional Women and Minonties: A Manpower Data Resource Sernce, 3rd ed. Washington, D.C.: Scientific Man- power Commission, April 19821. 33. R. M. Hall and B. R. Sandier, "Women Winners," ire Project on the Status and Education of Women [Washington, D. C.: Association of American Colleges, 19821. 34. V. F. Nieva and B. E. Gutek, " Sex Effects on Evaluation, " The Academy of Manage- mentReview, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 167-176, 1980. 35. B. Rosen and T. H. Jardee, "Influence of Sex Role Stereotypes on Personnel Deci- sions," loumalofApplied psychology, vol. 59, pp. 9-14, February 1974. 36. B. Rosen and T. H. Jardee, "Sex Stereotyping in the Executive Sllite," Harvard Business Review, vol. 52, March-April, pp. 45-58, 1974. 37. B. Rosen and T. H. Jardee, "Effect of Applicant's Sex and Difficulty of Job on Evalua- tions of Candidates for Managerial Position," [oumal of Applied Psychology, vol. 59, August, pp. 511-512, 1974. 38. M. Patterson and L. Sells, "Women Dropouts from Higher Education," in A. Rossi

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120 ENGINEERING GRADUATE EDUCATION AND RESEARCH and A. Calderwood, eds., Academic Women on the Move (New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1973), pp. 88-89. 39. C. L. Attwood, Women and Fellowship Ad TrniningProgrnms: Project on the Status and Education of Women Washington, D.C.: Association of American Colleges, 1972), App. B. pp. 20-24. 40. Women and Mironties in Science and Engineenng (Washington, D.C.: National Science Foundation, January 1982~. Climbing the Academic Ladder: Doctoral Women Scientists in Academe (Washing ton,D.C.:NationalAcademyofSciences, 1979). 42. J. R. Cole, "Women in Science," Arnencan Scientist, vol. 69, no. 4, pp. 385-391, July-August 1981. 43. "Women EEs Reported to Eam $2600 Less then Male Peers," The Institute, vol. 8, no.3,p. 1, 1984. 44. P. Kraft and S. Dubnoff, "Software Workers Survey," Computerworld, November 14, 1983,pp.4-16. 45. The Master's Degree:A PolicyStatement (Washington, D.C.: The Council of Grad- uate Schools In the United States, December 1976) . 46. Manual of Graduate Study in Engineenng (Washington, D.C.: American Society for Engineering Education, 1952). Engineenng College Research and Graduate Study, Engineenng Education, March 1983. 48. Paul Doigan, "Engineering Degrees Granted, 1983," Engineenng Education, April 1984, pp. 640-645. 49. C. M. Van Atta,- W. D. Decker, and T. Wilson, Professional Personnel Policies and Practices of RED Orga~zanons {Liverrnore, Calif.: Lawrence Livermore Labora- tory, December 6, 1971). 50. G. W. Dalton and P. H. Thompson, "Accelerating Obsolescence of Older ~ngi- neers," Harvard Business Review, September-October 1971, pp. 57-67. 51. W. K. LeBold, R. Perruci, and W. Howland, "The Engineer in Industry and Govern- ment," EngineenngEducat,'on, March 1966, pp. 237-273. W. K. LeBold, K. W. Linden, C. M. Jagacinski, and K. D. Shell, National Engineenng CareerDevelopment Study: Engineers Profiles of the Eighties (West Lafayette, Ind., Purdue University, June 1983). The Doctor of Philosophy Degree: A Policy Statement Washington, D.C.: The Council of Graduate Schools in the United States, October 1977). 54. John D. Kemper, "Post-Master's Engineering Programs Directed to Industry's Needs," Paper presented at the 86th Annual Conference, American Society for Engineering Education, Ur~i~rersity of British Columbia, June 19-22, 1978. 55. Lawrence N. Canjar, "Examples of Professional Schools of Engineering," Engineer- ingEducation, February 1972, p. 442. 56. L. E. Gritted, "Defining a Professional School of Engineenng," EngineenngEduca- tion, January 1975, p. 279. 57. University-IndustryResearch Relationships: Selected Studies, NSB 82-2 (Washing- ton, D.C.: National Science Board, 1982~. 58. University-IndustryResearekRelationskips: Myths, Realities, and Potentials, NSB 82-1 (Washington,D.C.:NationalScienceBoard, 19821. 59. Activities of Science and Engineenng Faculty in Universities and 4-year Colleges: 1978/79, NSF 81-323 (Washington, D.C.: National Science Foundation, December 19811. 41.

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NOTES 63. 121 60. Engineering College Research and Graduate Study, Engineering Education, March 1984. 61. Signs of Trouble and Erosion: A Report on Graduate Education ire America (New York: New York University, December 1983). Discussion Issues, 1983: The Engineering Mission of NSF Over the Next Decade, Vol. I1 (Washington, D.C.: National Science Board, Jude 1983), p. 122. Discussion Issues, 1983: The Engineenng Mission of NSF Over the Next Decade, Vol. I Washington, D.C.: National Science Board, June 1983), p. 40. Projected Response of the Science, Engineenng, and Technical Labor Marker to Defense and Nondefense Needs: 1982-87, NSE 84-304 (Washington, D.C.: National Science Foundation, January 1984). 65. P. Doigan, "ASEE Survey of Engineering Faculty and Graduate Students, Fall 1983," Engineering Education, October 1984. 66. Research Laboratory of Electronics: 1940 ~ 20 Cambridge, Mass.: MIT, May 19661.

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