References

AMC (U.S. Army Materiel Command). Ionizing Radiation Protection (Licensing, Control, Transportation, Disposal, and Radiation Safety). Army Regulation 385-11 (Safety). Washington, D.C.: HQDA (Headquarters Department of the Army), 1980.


Bergonié J and Tribondeau L. De quelques resultats de la radiotherapie et assai de fixation d'une technique rationelle. CR Sceances Acad. Sci. 143:983, 1906 [English translation by GH Fletcher, Radiat. Res. 11:587, 1959, in BEIR V, NRC 1990].


Brent RL. The effect of embryonic and fetal exposure to x-ray, microwaves, and ultrasound: Counseling the pregnant and nonpregnant patient about these risks. Seminars in Oncology 16 (5):347–368, 1989.

Cardis E, Gilbert ES, Carpenter L, Howe G, Kato I, Armstrong BK, Beral V, Cowper G, Douglas A, Fix J, et al. Effects of low doses and low dose rates of external ionizing radiation: Cancer mortality among nuclear industry workers in three countries. Radiat. Res. 142:117–132, 1995.

CFR (Code of Federal Regulations). NRC (Nuclear Regulatory Commission), Standards for protection against radiation: Final Rule. [10CFR20] In: Federal Register Vol. 56. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1991.


Darby SC, Kendall GM, Fell TP, et al. A summary of mortality and incidence of cancer in men from the United Kingdom who participated in the United Kingdom's atmospheric nuclear weapon tests and experimental programmes. British Medical Journal 296:332, 1988.

Darby SC, Kendall GM, Fell TP, et al. Mortality and Cancer Incidence 1952–1990 in UK Participants in the UK Atmospheric Nuclear Weapon Tests and Experimental Programmes. Report No. NRPB-R266, National Radiological Protection Board, Oxon, United Kingdom, 1993a.

Darby SC, Kendall GM, Fell TP, et al. Further follow up of mortality and incidence of cancer in men from the United Kingdom who participated in the United Kingdom's atmospheric nuclear weapon tests and experimental programmes. British Medical Journal 307:1530–1535, 1993b.

DSWA (Defense Special Weapons Agency, formerly the Defense Nuclear Agency). Dose binning report (unpublished data), March 8, 1995a.



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--> References AMC (U.S. Army Materiel Command). Ionizing Radiation Protection (Licensing, Control, Transportation, Disposal, and Radiation Safety). Army Regulation 385-11 (Safety). Washington, D.C.: HQDA (Headquarters Department of the Army), 1980. Bergonié J and Tribondeau L. De quelques resultats de la radiotherapie et assai de fixation d'une technique rationelle. CR Sceances Acad. Sci. 143:983, 1906 [English translation by GH Fletcher, Radiat. Res. 11:587, 1959, in BEIR V, NRC 1990]. Brent RL. The effect of embryonic and fetal exposure to x-ray, microwaves, and ultrasound: Counseling the pregnant and nonpregnant patient about these risks. Seminars in Oncology 16 (5):347–368, 1989. Cardis E, Gilbert ES, Carpenter L, Howe G, Kato I, Armstrong BK, Beral V, Cowper G, Douglas A, Fix J, et al. Effects of low doses and low dose rates of external ionizing radiation: Cancer mortality among nuclear industry workers in three countries. Radiat. Res. 142:117–132, 1995. CFR (Code of Federal Regulations). NRC (Nuclear Regulatory Commission), Standards for protection against radiation: Final Rule. [10CFR20] In: Federal Register Vol. 56. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1991. Darby SC, Kendall GM, Fell TP, et al. A summary of mortality and incidence of cancer in men from the United Kingdom who participated in the United Kingdom's atmospheric nuclear weapon tests and experimental programmes. British Medical Journal 296:332, 1988. Darby SC, Kendall GM, Fell TP, et al. Mortality and Cancer Incidence 1952–1990 in UK Participants in the UK Atmospheric Nuclear Weapon Tests and Experimental Programmes. Report No. NRPB-R266, National Radiological Protection Board, Oxon, United Kingdom, 1993a. Darby SC, Kendall GM, Fell TP, et al. Further follow up of mortality and incidence of cancer in men from the United Kingdom who participated in the United Kingdom's atmospheric nuclear weapon tests and experimental programmes. British Medical Journal 307:1530–1535, 1993b. DSWA (Defense Special Weapons Agency, formerly the Defense Nuclear Agency). Dose binning report (unpublished data), March 8, 1995a.

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--> DSWA. Dose binning report (unpublished data), March 17, 1995b. DoD (U.S. Department of Defense). News Briefing, Captain Michael Doubleday. Washington, D.C.: Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Public Affairs), 24 September, 1996. DoDI (U.S. Department of Defense Instruction). Occupational Radiation Protection Program. DoDI 6055.8. Washington, D.C: U.S. Department of Defense, 1996. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). Manual Of Protective Action Guides and Protective Actions For Nuclear Accidents. Office of Radiation Programs, Washington, D.C.: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, rev. 1991. EPA. Health Effects of Alpha-Emitting Particles in the Respiratory Tract, NAC/NRC. EPA 520/4-76-013, October, 1976. HQDA (Headquarters, Department of the Army). NATO Handbook on the Medical Aspects of NBC Defensive Operations, Field Manual 8-9, Washington, D.C.: Headquarters, Department of the Army, 1983. HQDA. NBC Protection, Field Manual 3-4. Washington, D.C.: Headquarters, Department of the Army, 1992. HQDA. NBC Decontamination, Field Manual 3-5. Washington, D.C.: Headquarters, Department of the Army, 1993. HQDA. Nuclear Contamination Avoidance, Field Manual 3-3-1. Washington, D.C.: Headquarters, Department of the Army, 1994. ICRP (International Commission on Radiological Protection). Nonstochastic effects of ionizing radiation. ICRP Publication 41. Annals of the ICRP 14(3), 1984. ICRP. 1990 Recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection. ICRP Publication 60. Annals of the ICRP 21(1–3), 1991a. ICRP. Principles for Intervention for Protection of the Public in a Radiological Emergency. ICRP Publication 63. Annals of the ICRP 22(4), 1991b. ICRP. Protection from Potential Exposure: A Conceptual Framework. ICRP Publication 64. Annals of the ICRP 23(1), 1993. IOM (Institute of Medicine) and the Medical Follow-up Agency. Adverse Reproductive Outcomes in Families of Atomic Veterans: The Feasibility of Epidemiologic Studies. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1995. Johnson JC, Thaul S, Page WF, and Crawford H. Mortality of Veteran Participants in the CROSSROADS Nuclear Test. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1996. NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization). Commanders' guide on nuclear radiation exposure of groups. STANAG (standardization agreement) 2083. Brussels: Military Agency for Standardization, 10 September, 1986. NATO. ACE policy for defensive measures against low level radiological hazards during military operations. ACE Directive Number 80-63. Brussels: SHAPE (Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe), 2 August, 1996. NCRP (National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements). Operational Radiation Safety—Training. NCRP Report No. 71. Bethesda, Maryland: National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, 1983. NCRP. Ionizing radiation exposure of the population of the United States. NCRP Report No. 93. Bethesda, Maryland: National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, 1987. NCRP. Guidance on radiation received in space activities. NCRP Report No. 98. Bethesda, Maryland: National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, 1989. NCRP. Maintaining radiation protection records. NCRP Report No. 114. Bethesda, Maryland: National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, 1992.

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--> NCRP. Limitation of exposure to ionizing radiation. NCRP Report No. 116. Bethesda, Maryland: National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, 1993. NRC (National Research Council). Health Risks of Radon and Other Internally Deposited Alpha-Emitters: BEIR IV. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1988. NRC. Health Effects of Exposure to Low Levels of Ionizing Radiation: BEIR V. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1990. NRC. The Children of Atomic Bomb Survivors: A Genetic Study. JV Neel and WJ Schull, eds. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1991. Nenot JC and Stather JW. The Toxicity of Plutonium, Americium and Curium. Commission of the European Communities, Pergamon Press, 1979. OTSG (Office of the Surgeon General, U.S. Army). Occupational Ionizing Radiation Personnel Dosimetry, Army Regulation 40-14 (Medical Services). Washington, D.C.: Headquarters, Department of the Army, 1995a. OTSG. Personnel Dosimetry Guidance and Dose Recording Procedures for Personnel Occupationally Exposed to Ionizing Radiation. Army Pamphlet 40-18 (Medical Services) Washington, D.C.: Headquarters, Department of the Army, 1995b. Pierce DA, Yukiko S, Preston KL, Vaeth M, and Mabuchi K. Studies of the Mortality of Atomic Bomb Survivors, Report 12, Part I. Cancer: 1950–1990. Radiation Research 146:1–37, 1996. Schaeffer, SM. U.S. Troops Destroyed Bunker That May Have Contained Chemical Arms. Washington, D.C.: The Associated Press, June 21, 1996. Schull, WJ. Effects of Atomic Radiation: A Half-Century of Studies from Hiroshima and Nagasaki. New York: Wiley-Liss, 1995. Shimizu Y, Kato H, and Schull WJ. Studies of the mortality of A-bomb survivors: 9. Mortality, 1950–1985. Part 2. Cancer mortality based on the recently revised doses (DS86). Radiat. Res. 121:120–141, 1990. UNSCEAR (United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation). Non-stochastic effects of irradiation on normal tissues. In: Ionizing Radiation: Sources and Biological Effects. No. E.82.IX.8. New York: United Nations, 1982. Watanabe KK, Kang HK, and Dalager NA. Cancer mortality risk among military participants of a 1958 atmospheric nuclear weapons test. American Journal of Public Health, 85:523, 1995.

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