Biographical Memories

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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 72 Biographical Memories NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCE

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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 72 This page in the original is blank.

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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 72 NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Biographical Memoirs VOLUME 72 NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS WASHINGTON, D.C. 1997

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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 72 The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by Act of Congress as a private, nonprofit, self-governing membership corporation for the furtherance of science and technology, required to advise the federal government upon request within its fields of competence. Under its corporate charter the Academy established the National Research Council in 1916, the National Academy of Engineering in 1964, and the Institute of Medicine in 1970. INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER 0-309-05788-4 INTERNATIONAL STANDARD SERIAL NUMBER 0077-2933 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CATALOG CARD NUMBER 5-26629 Available from NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS 2101 CONSTITUTION AVENUE, N.W. WASHINGTON, D.C. 20418 PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 72 CONTENTS     PREFACE   vii     BY HERBERT L. ANDERSON HAROLD M. AGNEW   3     ARCHIBALD PHILIP BARD BY TIMOTHY S. HARRISON   15     SUBRAHMANYAN CHANDRASEKHAR BY EUGENE N. PARKER   29     ROBERT BRAINARD COREY BY RICHARD E. MARSH   51     ALBERT DORFMAN NANCY B. SCHWARTZ LENNART RODÉN   71     LEE ALVIN DUBRIDGE BY JESSE L. GREENSTEIN   89     LEO GOLDBERG BY LAWRENCE H. ALLER   115     LOUIS PLACK HAMMETT BY F. H. WESTHEIMER   137

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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 72     EMIL WALTER HAURY BY RAYMOND HARRIS THOMPSON, CALEB VANCE HAYNES, JR., AND JAMES JEFFERSON REID   151     RAYMOND GEORGE HERB BY HENRY H. BARSCHALL   177     JAMES GORDON HORSFALL BY PAUL E. WAGGONER   193     EMIL THOMAS KAISER BY F. H. WESTHEIMER   219     DONALD WILLIAM KERST BY ANDREW M. SESSLER AND KEITH R. SYMON   235     PAUL JACKSON KRAMER BY JOHN S. BOYER AND AUBREY W. NAYLOR   247     MILTON. STANLEY LIVINGSTON BY ERNEST D. COURANT   265     WILLIAM WILSON MORGAN BY DONALD E. OSTERBROCK   289     MARCUS MORTON RHOADES BY WAYNE R. CARLSON AND JAMES A. BIRCHLER   315     HENRY STOMMEL BY CARL WUNSCH   331     JOSEPH E. VARNER BY MAARTEN J. CHRISPEELS   353     PAUL ALFRED WEISS BY JANE OVERTON   373

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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 72 PREFACE On March 3, 1863, Abraham Lincoln signed the Act of Incorporation that brought the National Academy of Sciences into being. In accordance with that original charter, the Academy is a private, honorary organization of scientists, elected for outstanding contributions to knowledge, who can be called upon to advise the federal government. As an institution the Academy's goal is to work toward increasing scientific knowledge and to further the use of that knowledge for the general good. The Biographical Memoirs, begun in 1877, are a series of volumes containing the life histories and selected bibliographies of deceased members of the Academy. Colleagues familiar with the discipline and the subject's work prepare the essays. These volumes, then, contain a record of the life and work of our most distinguished leaders in the sciences, as witnessed and interpreted by their colleagues and peers. They form a biographical history of science in America—an important part of our nation's contribution to the intellectual heritage of the world. PETER H. RAVEN Home Secretary

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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 72 This page in the original is blank.