McNeil BJ, Pauker SJ, Sox HC Jr., et al. On the elicitation of preferences for alternative therapies. New England Journal of Medicine 1982;306:1259–1262.

Melman ST, Kaplan JM, Lee NC, et al. Readability of the revised childhood vaccine information statements (abstract). Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine (Suppl.) 1995; 149:69.

Meisel A, Roth LH, Lidz CW. Toward a model of the legal doctrine of informed consent. American Journal of Psychiatry 1971;134:285–289.

Meszaros JR, Asch DA, Baron J, Hershey JC, Kunreuther H, Schwartz-Buzaglo J. Cognitive processes and the decisions of some parents to forego pertussis vaccination for their children. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 1996;49:697–703.

Morgan, MG. Risk Analysis and Management. Scientific American. 1993;July:32–41.


National Research Council. Improving Risk Communication. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1989.

National Research Council. Understanding Risk: Informing Decisions in a Democratic Society. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1996.


Raman S, Jacobson R. Poland G. Parent-driven vaccine information materials: A demonstration of the variability in parent interests for information. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine (Suppl.) 1996; 150:53.


Samuelson W, Zeckhauser R. Status-quo bias in decision making, Journal of Risk and Uncertainty 1988; 1:1–59.

Slovic P, Fischhoff B, Lichtenstein S. Rating the risks. Environment 1979;21:14–20, 30, 36–39.


Thaler R. Toward a positive theory of consumer choice. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 1980; 1:39–60.

Tversky A, Kahneman D. Availability: A Heuristic for judging frequency and probability. Cognitive Psychology 1973;5:207–232.


Wallsten TS, Budesco DV, Rapoport A, Zwick R, Forsyth B. Measuring the vague meanings of probability terms. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 1986; 115:348–365.


Zeckhauser R. Coverage for catastrophic illness. Public Policy 1973;21:149–72.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement