graphic Intelligence Center [NPIC] products today) and map products (similar to National Intelligence Mapping Agency [NIMA]-generated mapping, charting, and geodesy [MCG] products). The attributes of these products will vary considerably, as is discussed in detail below. The potential for applying information-rich data and the resulting base imagery to new and future naval requirements is significant. Commercialization will allow software vendors and companies working directly with the users of the data to expand this development process more rapidly and make it available at lower cost. In addition, many of the commercial applications are equally applicable to naval interests. For example, algorithms trained on specific crops for determining crop yields can be trained on ocean plant life, allowing better assessments of navigation potential near coastal waters. More precise land-coastal demarcation is possible through the use of high-resolution remote sensing data. Remote sensing data available to ships at sea about their regions of interest will enable ongoing mission planning. Remote sensing data also provide a better base image for future sensors whose data will then become more attractive and of potentially greater value when used in conjunction with accurate base imagery data. Hyperspectral sensor data and SAR data are examples of data from future sensors that are likely to be available commercially for the naval forces in the year 2035, and probably much sooner.

Current naval leadership perceives three areas that drive Navy objectives not just for today but for the future as well: (1) forward presence, (2) engagement, and (3) fight to win. Information available from commercial remote sensing systems can contribute to supporting each of these areas. Remote sensing data will allow the Navy to intelligently understand the potential for forward presence and to reduce vulnerability by making use of information-rich, timely data available directly to these forces. Engagement will benefit in being able to task the sensors directly and obtain remote sensing data within minutes for the area of interest. The fight-to-win effort will benefit from data available for planning attacks as well as for assessing the success of operations and evaluating of enemy engagements. In addition, because much of this data will be archived, use of archived data with new data will allow a more comprehensive assessment to be made worldwide as the perceived foreign military threat is projected. How efficiently and effectively the Navy makes use of these new commercial remote sensing systems and the seamless integration of these and other data into the information infrastructure will enhance the Navy's capability for the future.



The performance of products offered by the U.S. commercial remote sensing systems business will generally be measurable by the following key product discriminators:

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