D Acronyms and Abbreviations

ACTD

Advanced concept technology demonstration

ACTS

Advanced Communications Technology Satellite

AEW

Airborne early warning

AI

Artificial intelligence

AOR

Area of responsibility

APD

Average pass duration

APPD

Average pass per day

ASIM

Automated System Intrusion Monitor

ATM

Asynchronous transfer mode

ATR

Automatic target recognition

ATS

Advanced technology satellite

BDA

Battle damage assessment

C2

Command and control

C2I

Command, control, and intelligence

C3

Command, control and communications

C4ISR

Command, control, communications, computing, intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance

CCD

Camouflage, concealment, and deception

CDL

Common data link

CEC

Cooperative engagement capability

CEP

Circular error of probability



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Technology for the United States Navy and Marine Corps, 2000-2035: Becoming a 21st-Century Force, Volume 3 Information in Warfare D Acronyms and Abbreviations ACTD Advanced concept technology demonstration ACTS Advanced Communications Technology Satellite AEW Airborne early warning AI Artificial intelligence AOR Area of responsibility APD Average pass duration APPD Average pass per day ASIM Automated System Intrusion Monitor ATM Asynchronous transfer mode ATR Automatic target recognition ATS Advanced technology satellite BDA Battle damage assessment C2 Command and control C2I Command, control, and intelligence C3 Command, control and communications C4ISR Command, control, communications, computing, intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance CCD Camouflage, concealment, and deception CDL Common data link CEC Cooperative engagement capability CEP Circular error of probability

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Technology for the United States Navy and Marine Corps, 2000-2035: Becoming a 21st-Century Force, Volume 3 Information in Warfare CNO Chief of Naval Operations COTS Commercial off the shelf CVN Nuclear-powered aircraft carrier DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency DBS Direct broadcast satellite DDS Defense dissemination system DISA Defense Intelligence Service Agency DOD Department of Defense DSCS Defense Satellite Communication System ECM Electronic countermeasure EHF Extremely high frequency ELINT Electronic intelligence EO/IR Electro-optical, infrared FAA Federal Aviation Administration FIWC Fleet Information Warfare Center FOPEN Foliage penetration FPA Focal plane array GCCS Global command-and-control system GCP Ground control point GEO Geostationary orbit GIS Geographic information system GOPEN Ground penetration GPS Global Positioning System HDTV High-definition television HF High frequency HMI Human-machine interface HUMINT Human intelligence IFF Identification friend or foe IFOV Instantaneous field of view IO Information operations IP Internet protocol IPB Intelligence preparation of the battlefield IR Infrared ISA Intelligent software agent ISAR Inverse synthetic aperture radar ISDN Integrated services digital network ISO International Organization for Standardization ISR Intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance IVHS Intelligent vehicle highway system IW Information warfare JCS Joint Chiefs of Staff JTA Joint technical architecture JTIDS Joint Tactical Information Distribution System

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Technology for the United States Navy and Marine Corps, 2000-2035: Becoming a 21st-Century Force, Volume 3 Information in Warfare LAN Local area network LEO Low Earth orbit (satellite) LES Leading-edge services LIDAR Light detection and ranging LOS Line of sight LPI Low probability of intercept MCG Mapping, charting, and geodesy MEO Medium Earth orbit (satellite) MIDS Multifunction information distribution system MILSTAR Military strategic and tactical relay MRC Major regional conflict MTI Moving target indicator MWIR Mid-wave infrared NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NCA National Command Authority NEDT Noise equivalent detection temperature NIMA National Intelligence Mapping Agency NIR Near-infrared NPOI Naval prototype optical instruments NRL Naval Research Laboratory NSA National Security Agency OODA Observe, orient, decide, act OOTW Operations other than war OPAM Optical phased-array modulator PCM Pulse code modulation PCS Personal communications system PSK Phase shift keying PSTN Public switched telephone network RCA Radio Corporation of America RCS Radar cross section R&D Research and development RF Radio frequency ROEs Rules of engagement SAR Synthetic aperture radar SatCom Satellite communications SCR Signal-to-clutter ratio SIGINT Signal intelligence SINCGARS Single-channel ground-to-air radio system SNR Signal-to-noise ratio SPOT Systeme Probatoire d'Observation de la Terre STAP Space-time adaptive processing SWIR Short-wave infrared TacSat Tactical satellite

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Technology for the United States Navy and Marine Corps, 2000-2035: Becoming a 21st-Century Force, Volume 3 Information in Warfare TDMA Time division multiple access TDRS Tracking and data relay satellite TEL Transporter erector launcher T/R Transmit/receive TWT Traveling wave tube UAV Unmanned aerial vehicle UFO UHF follow-on (satellite) UHF Ultrahigh frequency URAV Uninhabited reconnaissance aerial vehicle VHF Very high frequency VMF Variable message format VPN Virtual private network VSAT Very small aperture terminal

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Technology for the United States Navy and Marine Corps, 2000-2035: Becoming a 21st-Century Force, Volume 3 Information in Warfare This page in the original is blank.