cal environments. The information infrastructure must support these needs, while allowing force structures of arbitrary composition to be rapidly formed and fielded. Furthermore, the infrastructure must adapt to evolving organizational structures and surging requirements in times of crisis.

The panel believes that the infrastructure must allow information to be distributed to and from anyone at any time: its architecture must not be constrained to support a force-structure (enterprise) hierarchy conceived a priori. Most importantly, the information and services provided to an end user through the infrastructure must be tailored to the user's needs and be relevant to the user's mission, without requiring people at the user's location to sort through volumes of data or images. In the panel's view, the warfighter requires an information infrastructure that:

  • Provides robust and reliable service;

  • Avoids exposing a user to detection and targeting; and

  • Supports force structures of arbitrary composition both by moving information in any format from any source to any destination, and by providing information tailored to the user's needs.

The year 2010 is a reasonable focus for the Joint Staff's Vision. The platforms, major national sensors, and weapons available then will be a mix of the platforms available now and those already defined but still in the development/acquisition pipeline. All three take a long time to develop, and, particularly in the case of platforms, stay in inventory for a long time after initial fielding. Because information system technology changes very rapidly, and because information systems can, in principle, be introduced quickly, major changes in warfighting capabilities between now and 2010 will likely depend on new information systems that support the vision.

The period from 2010 to 2035 will likely see the arrival of significant numbers of new sensors and weapons, and the replacement of many naval platforms. It is harder to predict the extent to which new naval platforms will differ radically from those now in service or being developed, but it seems likely that warfighting architectures will continue to evolve in the direction of over-the-horizon fires, information-hungry weapons, and the remote sensors and information systems that they require for their support. Fortunately, the technologies of information systems, particularly satellite communications, on which warfighting architectures must rely, can be expected to advance at an even more rapid pace than the weapon systems themselves (see Appendix B).

Translating operational requirements into information infrastructure characteristics leads to three principles. First, the infrastructure must be based on an integrated, scalable, fully distributed processing and transport environment. It must be dynamically adaptive, self-configuring, robust, secure, and nonexploit-



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