velop the lightweight hunting and sweeping technologies required for these smaller units.

  • Apply reasonable mine shock hardening and effective acoustic and magnetic signature reduction technologies to all new-construction ships.

Recommendations for Follow-on Action

  • Build an expendable mine neutralization system capable of being used, with minimal adjustment, by AMCM helicopters, by the MCM-1 and MHC-51 MCM ships, and by small MCM surface craft yet to be introduced.

  • Continue research to reveal the acoustic detection and classification methods used by dolphins. Emulate this capability to radically improve sonar sensor performance.

  • Continue to develop synthetic aperture sonar technologies to significantly improve the location and classification of mines from a safe distance.

  • Establish a research and demonstration program for rigid polyurethane foam causeway concepts.

  • Support the development of mechanical methods-ploughs, chains, and power blades.

  • Develop guinea pig ships and barges to verify clear paths to the beach.

  • Consider unmanned, precisely navigated, hardened platforms.

  • Specifically test precision bombing techniques for removal of mines in shallow water and in the surf and craft landing zones. Investigate this technique in light of newly developing higher-yield explosives.

  • Support further development of explosive MCM methods such as net and line charges.

  • Support research on pulse power technologies; this should include demonstration of concept and performance measurements.

  • Take full advantage of new modeling and simulation tools with initial focus on fleet-level applications, training, exercises, decision aids, and tactical development.

  • Reinvigorate the mine design team to provide effective offensive mining concepts and exploit threat mines.

  • Continue to develop technologies to improve environmental characterization for improved sensor performance, including through-the-sensor environmental measurement methods.

  • Provide systems and training that will allow the fleet to conduct night MCM operations.

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