needed to address these problems. They should be conducted in coordination with parties in the other Services and organizations like DARPA and DMSO that would also be interested in these matters. While one cannot predict just when basic research will have fruitful results, one should attempt to guide the researchers by having them apply their results to concrete problems as soon as feasible.

The costs associated with such steps can only be roughly estimated here. A pilot program might cost around $20 million to $50 million per year and run for 2 to 3 years. The experimentation to determine standards might cost approximately $20 million per year and run for 2 years. The research program might cost on the order of $10 million to $20 million per year and run for several years.

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