References

CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety). 1989. Guidelines for Chemical Process Quantitative Risk Analysis. New York: American Institute of Chemical Engineers.


EG&G (Edgerton, Gemerhauser and Grier, Incorporated). 1996. TOCDF Risk Management Program Plan (CDRL EG059), Rev. 0A (draft), April 3, 1996. Prepared for the Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization and the U.S. Army Industrial Operations Command. Tooele, Utah: EG&G Defense Materials.

EPA (Environmental Protection Agency). 1994. Exposure Assessment Guidance for RCRA Hazardous Waste Combustion Facilities (draft). EPA 530/R-94/021. Washington, D.C.: EPA Office of Solid Waste.


Haskin, F.E., M. Young, C. Ding, and K. Summa. 1995. CHEM-MACCS Version 1s Model Description and User's Guide. March 1995. Albuquerque, N.M.: Sandia National Laboratories.


IEM (Innovative Emergency Management). 1993. Reference Manual: D2PC and Hazard Analysis (August 24, 1993). Springfield, Va.: U.S. Army Nuclear and Chemical Agency (USANCA).

IOM (Institute of Medicine) 1993. Veterans at Risk: The Health Effects of Mustard and Lewisite. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.


Leffingwell, S. 1993. Personal communication from S. Leffingwell, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, Georgia, to the National Research Council Committee on Alternative Chemical Demilitarization Technologies.


MITRETEK Systems. 1996. Report of the Risk Assessment Expert Panel on the Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility Quantitative Risk Assessment. McLean, Va.: MITRETEK Systems.


NRC (National Research Council). 1983. Risk Assessment in the Federal Government: Managing the Process. National Research Council. Committee on the Institutional Means for Assessment of Risks to Public Health. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

NRC. 1984. Disposal of Chemical Munitions and Agents. National Research Council. Committee on Demilitarizing Chemical Munitions and Agents. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

NRC. 1993a. Evaluation of the Johnston Atoll Chemical Agent Disposal System Operational Verification Testing: Part I . Letter Report to the Assistant Secretary of the Army. National Research Council. Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

NRC. 1993b. Letter report to the Assistant Secretary of the Army to recommend specific actions to further enhance the CSDP risk management process. January 8, 1993. National Research Council. Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program. Washington, D.C.: National Research Council Board on Army Science and Technology.

NRC. 1994a. Evaluation of the Johnston Atoll Chemical Agent Disposal System Operational Verification Testing: Part II. National Research Council. Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.



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References CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety). 1989. Guidelines for Chemical Process Quantitative Risk Analysis. New York: American Institute of Chemical Engineers. EG&G (Edgerton, Gemerhauser and Grier, Incorporated). 1996. TOCDF Risk Management Program Plan (CDRL EG059), Rev. 0A (draft), April 3, 1996. Prepared for the Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization and the U.S. Army Industrial Operations Command. Tooele, Utah: EG&G Defense Materials. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency). 1994. Exposure Assessment Guidance for RCRA Hazardous Waste Combustion Facilities (draft). EPA 530/R-94/021. Washington, D.C.: EPA Office of Solid Waste. Haskin, F.E., M. Young, C. Ding, and K. Summa. 1995. CHEM-MACCS Version 1s Model Description and User's Guide. March 1995. Albuquerque, N.M.: Sandia National Laboratories. IEM (Innovative Emergency Management). 1993. Reference Manual: D2PC and Hazard Analysis (August 24, 1993). Springfield, Va.: U.S. Army Nuclear and Chemical Agency (USANCA). IOM (Institute of Medicine) 1993. Veterans at Risk: The Health Effects of Mustard and Lewisite. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Leffingwell, S. 1993. Personal communication from S. Leffingwell, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, Georgia, to the National Research Council Committee on Alternative Chemical Demilitarization Technologies. MITRETEK Systems. 1996. Report of the Risk Assessment Expert Panel on the Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility Quantitative Risk Assessment. McLean, Va.: MITRETEK Systems. NRC (National Research Council). 1983. Risk Assessment in the Federal Government: Managing the Process. National Research Council. Committee on the Institutional Means for Assessment of Risks to Public Health. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 1984. Disposal of Chemical Munitions and Agents. National Research Council. Committee on Demilitarizing Chemical Munitions and Agents. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 1993a. Evaluation of the Johnston Atoll Chemical Agent Disposal System Operational Verification Testing: Part I . Letter Report to the Assistant Secretary of the Army. National Research Council. Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 1993b. Letter report to the Assistant Secretary of the Army to recommend specific actions to further enhance the CSDP risk management process. January 8, 1993. National Research Council. Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program. Washington, D.C.: National Research Council Board on Army Science and Technology. NRC. 1994a. Evaluation of the Johnston Atoll Chemical Agent Disposal System Operational Verification Testing: Part II. National Research Council. Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

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NRC. 1994b. Recommendations for the Disposal of Chemical Agents and Munitions. National Research Council. Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 1994c. Science and Judgment in Risk Assessment. National Research Council. Committee on Risk Assessment of Hazardous Air Pollutants. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 1996a. Review and Evaluation of Alternative Chemical Disposal Technologies. National Research Council. Panel on Review and Evaluation of Alternative Chemical Disposal Technologies. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 1996b. Review of Systemization of the Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility. National Research Council. Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 1996c. Public Involvement and the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program. National Research Council. Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. OTA (Office of Technology Assessment). 1992. Disposal of Chemical Weapons: An Analysis of Alternatives to Incineration. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office. Roberts, N.H., W.E. Vesely, D.F.Haasl, D.F. Goldberg. 1981. Fault Tree Handbook (NUREG-0492). January, 1981. Systems and Reliability Research, Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Smithson, Amy E. 1993. The Chemical Weapons Convention Handbook. Washington, D.C.: The Henry L. Stimson Center. U.S. Army. 1987. Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program, Risk Analysis of the Disposal of Chemical Munitions at Regional or National Sites. SAPEO CDE-IS-87008. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. U.S. Army. 1988. Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (FPEIS). Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. U.S. Army. 1994. Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility Quantitative Risk Assessment Methodology Manual, December, 1994. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. U.S. Army. 1995a. Anniston Chemical Agent Disposal Facility Phase I Quantitative Risk Assessment. SAIC-95/2542. Edgewood, Md.: U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. U.S. Army. 1995b. Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility Risk Management Plan, April 1995 (draft). Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. U.S. Army. 1996a. Pueblo Chemical Agent Disposal Facility Phase I Quantitative Risk Assessment. SAIC-96/2602. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. U.S. Army. 1996b. Umatilla Chemical Agent Disposal Facility Phase I Quantitative Risk Assessment. SAIC-96/2601. Edgewood, Md.: U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. U.S. Army. 1996c. Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility Quantitative Risk Assessment. SAIC-96/2600. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. U.S. Army. 1996d. Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility Quantitative Risk Assessment. SAIC-96/2600 (Summary Report). Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. U.S. Army. 1996e. Chemical Agent Disposal Facility Risk Management Program Requirements. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. U.S. Army. 1996f. Evaluation of the Carbon Filter System for Pollution Abatement Systems in Chemical Agent Disposal Facilities: Methodology for Evaluating Risks. December 1996. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. U.S. Army. 1997a. Blue Grass Chemical Agent Disposal Facility Phase I Quantitative Risk Assessment. SAIC-96/1118. Aberdeen Proving Ground,

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Md.: U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. U.S. Army. 1997b. Pine Bluff Chemical Agent Disposal Facility Phase I Quantitative Risk Assessment. SAIC-96/1120. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. U.S. Army. 1997c. A Guide to Risk Management Policy and Activities. 176-009. January 1997. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. U.S. Army. 1997d. Pollution Abatement System Carbon Filter Simulation Model Development. January 1997. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. U.S. Department of Labor. 1995. Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. U.S. NRC (U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission). 1975. Reactor Safety Study. WASH-1400, NUREG-75/014. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. U.S. NRC. 1990. Severe Accident Risks: An Assessment for Five U.S. Nuclear Power Plants. NUREG-1150. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Utah DSHW (Division of Solid and Hazardous Waste). 1996. Tooele Chemical Demilitarization Facility Screening Risk Assessment. EPA I.D. No. UT5210090002. Salt Lake City, Utah: Department of Environmental Quality. Whitacre, C.G., J.H. Griner, III, M.M. Myirski, and D.W. Sloop. 1987. Personal Computer Program for Chemical Hazard Prediction (D2PC). Technical Report CRDEC-TR-8702 1, January 1987. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: U.S. Army Chemical Research, Development and Engineering Center.