Pacífico y del Golfo de México podrían encontrar respuestas a problemas apremiantes regionales relacionados con operaciones marinas (petróleo y gas, transportación, búsquedas y rescates), pesca, contaminación, biodiversidad, y la circulación de los océanos que enfrentan ambas naciones. A la vez, estos ROOSs podrían ser componentes importantes de un sistema global de observación oceánica (GOOS).

Recomendación: Las agencias mexicanas y estadounidenses deberían cooperar para establecer sistemas coordinados de observación que realzaran y sostuviesen el importante esfuerzo de monitoreo regional oceánico, igualmente servirían como partes integrales de un sistema de observación global.

Finalmente, se debería dedicar atención al desarrollo de un marco legal y código de ética para el comportamiento de la investigación oceanográfica conjunta entre México y los Estados Unidos. Las leyes y reglamentos de ambos países y la Convención de las Naciones Unidas sobre la Ley del Mar proporcionan un marco legal para las ciencias oceánicas binacionales, y deberían ser plenamente respetados pot los científicos de las dos naciones. Existe una percepción por parte de algunos científicos mexicanos de que los científicos de los Estados Unidos no han involucrado de forma adecuada a los científicos mexicanos en las investigaciones realizadas en las aguas territoriales mexicanas y no han compartido los datos y los derechos de publicacían. Dicho comportamiento contrarrestaría todos los esfuerzos positivos mencionados en este informe y debería evitarse a todo costo. Una medida importante para cumplir con las expectativas de la investigación conjunta es llegar a acuerdos específicos sobre las obligaciones, las responsabilidades, la autoría conjunta o separada de las publicaciones, los méritos, los derechos de las patentes, y los calendarios antes de llevar a cabo las investigaciones. Medios mutuamente acordados para simplificar los requerimientos legales relacionados con la actividad de la investigación podrían, en algunos casos, llevar a esfuerzos de investigación más productivos. Ambos gobiernos, sobre todo el Departamento de Estado de los Estados Unidos y la Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores de México deberían responder a los consejos de sus respectivas comunidades científicas al identificar y establecer tales procedimientos simplificados. Sería apropiado que la AMC y el NRC volvieran a examinar el progreso en la cooperación entre oceanógrafos de los Estados Unidos y México en un futuro mediato para determinar si se han implantado las recomendaciones contenidas en este informe.



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Building Ocean Science Partnerships: The United States and Mexico Working Together Pacífico y del Golfo de México podrían encontrar respuestas a problemas apremiantes regionales relacionados con operaciones marinas (petróleo y gas, transportación, búsquedas y rescates), pesca, contaminación, biodiversidad, y la circulación de los océanos que enfrentan ambas naciones. A la vez, estos ROOSs podrían ser componentes importantes de un sistema global de observación oceánica (GOOS). Recomendación: Las agencias mexicanas y estadounidenses deberían cooperar para establecer sistemas coordinados de observación que realzaran y sostuviesen el importante esfuerzo de monitoreo regional oceánico, igualmente servirían como partes integrales de un sistema de observación global. Finalmente, se debería dedicar atención al desarrollo de un marco legal y código de ética para el comportamiento de la investigación oceanográfica conjunta entre México y los Estados Unidos. Las leyes y reglamentos de ambos países y la Convención de las Naciones Unidas sobre la Ley del Mar proporcionan un marco legal para las ciencias oceánicas binacionales, y deberían ser plenamente respetados pot los científicos de las dos naciones. Existe una percepción por parte de algunos científicos mexicanos de que los científicos de los Estados Unidos no han involucrado de forma adecuada a los científicos mexicanos en las investigaciones realizadas en las aguas territoriales mexicanas y no han compartido los datos y los derechos de publicacían. Dicho comportamiento contrarrestaría todos los esfuerzos positivos mencionados en este informe y debería evitarse a todo costo. Una medida importante para cumplir con las expectativas de la investigación conjunta es llegar a acuerdos específicos sobre las obligaciones, las responsabilidades, la autoría conjunta o separada de las publicaciones, los méritos, los derechos de las patentes, y los calendarios antes de llevar a cabo las investigaciones. Medios mutuamente acordados para simplificar los requerimientos legales relacionados con la actividad de la investigación podrían, en algunos casos, llevar a esfuerzos de investigación más productivos. Ambos gobiernos, sobre todo el Departamento de Estado de los Estados Unidos y la Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores de México deberían responder a los consejos de sus respectivas comunidades científicas al identificar y establecer tales procedimientos simplificados. Sería apropiado que la AMC y el NRC volvieran a examinar el progreso en la cooperación entre oceanógrafos de los Estados Unidos y México en un futuro mediato para determinar si se han implantado las recomendaciones contenidas en este informe.

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