References

Arca, V.J. 1996. Comparison of adsorbance for use with methyl salicilate. Report to the Commander. Dugway, Utah: Dugway Proving Ground.


Barry, B.W., S.M. Harrison, and P.H. Dugard. 1984. Correlation of thermodynamic activity and vapor diffusion through human skin for the model compound, benzyl alcohol. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 37: 84–90.


Cassinelli, M.E., R.D. Hull, J. Crable, and A. Teass. 1987. Performance of sulfur dioxide passive monitors. American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal 46(10): 599–608.

Cataldo, D., M.W. Aigotke, S.D. Harvey, R.J. Fellows, and S.W. Li. 1994. Acute Environmental Toxicity and Persistence of Methyl Salicylate: A Chemical Agent Simulant. PNL-9818-TD-2098. Aberdeen, Md.: Edgewood Research, Development and Engineering Center.

Conkle, J.P., R.E. Miranda, J.R. Fischer, R.W. Page, and D.L. Bartlett. 1986. Chemical Defense Collective Protection Technology: Vol. 1: Effects of Airlock Dimension, Clothing, and Exposure Concentration on Vapor Transport. USAFSAM-TP-86-2. San Antonio: U.S. Air Force.


Daugherty, M.L., A.P. Watson, and T. Vo-Dinh. 1992. Currently available permeability and breakthrough data characterizing chemical warfare agents and their simulants in civilian protective clothing materials. Journal of Hazardous Materials 30: 243–267.

Dugway Proving Ground. 1994. Agent/Simulant Relationship Study. Final Report WBS-01. Dugway, Utah: Dugway Proving Ground.


Environmental Protection Agency. 1992. Dermal Exposure Assessment: Principles and Applications. Interim Report EPA/600/8-91/001B. Washington, D.C.: Environmental Protection Agency.


Fedele, P. 1996. Presentation of MIST/BRHA to the Committee on Program and Technical Review of the U.S. Army Chemical and



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Technical Assessment of the Man-In-Simulant Test (MIST) Program: Report 1 References Arca, V.J. 1996. Comparison of adsorbance for use with methyl salicilate. Report to the Commander. Dugway, Utah: Dugway Proving Ground. Barry, B.W., S.M. Harrison, and P.H. Dugard. 1984. Correlation of thermodynamic activity and vapor diffusion through human skin for the model compound, benzyl alcohol. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 37: 84–90. Cassinelli, M.E., R.D. Hull, J. Crable, and A. Teass. 1987. Performance of sulfur dioxide passive monitors. American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal 46(10): 599–608. Cataldo, D., M.W. Aigotke, S.D. Harvey, R.J. Fellows, and S.W. Li. 1994. Acute Environmental Toxicity and Persistence of Methyl Salicylate: A Chemical Agent Simulant. PNL-9818-TD-2098. Aberdeen, Md.: Edgewood Research, Development and Engineering Center. Conkle, J.P., R.E. Miranda, J.R. Fischer, R.W. Page, and D.L. Bartlett. 1986. Chemical Defense Collective Protection Technology: Vol. 1: Effects of Airlock Dimension, Clothing, and Exposure Concentration on Vapor Transport. USAFSAM-TP-86-2. San Antonio: U.S. Air Force. Daugherty, M.L., A.P. Watson, and T. Vo-Dinh. 1992. Currently available permeability and breakthrough data characterizing chemical warfare agents and their simulants in civilian protective clothing materials. Journal of Hazardous Materials 30: 243–267. Dugway Proving Ground. 1994. Agent/Simulant Relationship Study. Final Report WBS-01. Dugway, Utah: Dugway Proving Ground. Environmental Protection Agency. 1992. Dermal Exposure Assessment: Principles and Applications. Interim Report EPA/600/8-91/001B. Washington, D.C.: Environmental Protection Agency. Fedele, P. 1996. Presentation of MIST/BRHA to the Committee on Program and Technical Review of the U.S. Army Chemical and

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Technical Assessment of the Man-In-Simulant Test (MIST) Program: Report 1 Biological Defense Command. National Research Council, Aberdeen Proving Ground, December 1996. Fedele, P.D., and D. Nelson. 1996. The Body Region Hazard Assessment Process. Paper presented at the Edgewood Research, Development and Engineering Center, Aberdeen, Maryland, December 12, 1996. Fenske, R.A., S.W. Horstman, and R.K. Bentley. 1987. Assessment of dermal exposure to chlorophenols in timber mills. Journal of Applied Industrial Hygiene 24: 438–444. Franklin, C.A., R.A. Fenske, R. Greenhalgh, L. Mathieu, M.V. Denley, J.T. Leffingwell, and R.C. Spear. 1981. Correlation of urinary pesticide metabolite excretion with estimated dermal contact in the course of occupational exposure to glutathione. Journal of Toxicology, Environment and Health 1: 715–731. Hanzelka, J.A., T.D. Cronin, S. Dorman, S.L. Brimhall, and J.L. White. 1996. Detailed Test Plan for the Man in Simulant Test (MIST) of the Joint Services Lightweight Integrated Suit Technology (JSLIST) Program. Dugway, Utah: Dugway Proving Ground. Hawkins, G.S., and W.G. Reifenrath. 1984. Development of an in vitro model for determining the fate of chemicals applied to the skin. Fundamental and Applied Toxicology 4: S133–S144. Kauppinen, T., and L. Lindross. 1985. Chlorophenol exposure in sawmills. American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal 46: 34–38. Malabarba, D., and P. Fedele. 1996. Presentation of MIST/BRHA to the Committee on Program and Technical Review of the U.S. Army Chemical and Biological Defense Command, Aberdeen Proving Ground, December 1996. Merck Index. 12th ed., 1996. Whitehouse Station, N.J.: Merck Research Laboratories. Newhouse, M., D. McEvoy, and D. Rosenthal. 1978. Percutaneous paraquet absorption: an association with cutaneous lesions and respiratory failure. Archives of Dermatology 114: 1516–1519. Reid, R.C., J.A.M. Prausnitz, and B.E. Poling. 1987. The Properties of Gases and Liquids. 4th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill. Reifenrath, W.G. 1980. Shower decontamionation efficacy. In vitro determination. Report 86. San Francisco: Letterman Army Institute of Research. Reutter, S.A., and J.V. Wade. 1994. Review of Existing Toxicity Data and Human Estimates for Selected Chemical Agents and Recommended Human Toxicity Estimates Appropriate for Defending the

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Technical Assessment of the Man-In-Simulant Test (MIST) Program: Report 1 Soldier. Technical Report. Edgewood RDEC-SP-018. Aberdeen, Md.: Edgewood Research, Development and Engineering Center. Sax, N.I., and R.J. Lewis. 1987. Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary. 11th ed. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company. Scott, W.R., and B.W. Pointer. 1990. Evaluation of the Vapor Protection Capabilities of the Jacket/Trouser Interface on the Regulation Ground-Crew Chemical Defense Ensemble. USAFSAM-TP-89-13. San Antonio: U.S. Air Force. Sim, V.M. 1962. Variability of Different Intact Human Skin Sites to the Penetration of VX. Technical Report 3122. Army Chemical Center, Md: U.S. Army Chemical Research and Development Laboratories. Smith, J.E., and W.K. Fowler. 1985. Analytical Methods Development. Vol. 1. Experimental Studies. Final Report. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: U.S. Army Toxic and Hazardous Materials Agency. Soule, R.D. 1991. General Principles in Patty's Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. Vol. 1 (4th ed.) pp. 113–115, G.D. Clayton and F.E. Clayton, eds. New York: John Wiley & Sons. van Hooidonk, C., B.I. Ceulen, J. Bock, and J. van Genderen. 1983. CW agents and the skin. Penetration and decontamination. Pp. 153–160 in Proceedings of the International Symposium of Protection Against Chemical Warfare Agents, Stockholm Sweden, 6–9 June 1983. Umea: Foersvarets Forskningsanstalt. Wang, R.G.M., C.A. Franklin, R.C. Honeycutt, and J.C. Reinert, eds. 1989. Biological Monitoring for Pesticide Exposure. American Chemical Symposium Series 382. Washington, D.C.: American Chemical Society. Wester, R.C., and H.I. Maibach. 1989. Regional variation in percutaneous absorption. In Percutaneous Absorption Mechanisms-Methodology-Drug Delivery, R.L. Bronaugh and H.I. Maibach, eds. New York: Decker. World Health Organization. 1990. Public Health Impact of Pesticides used in Agriculture. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. Zar, J.H. 1984. Biostatistical Analysis. 2nd ed. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall.