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--> Taking Stock What Have We Learned About Making Education Standards Internationally Competitive? Summary of a Workshop Alexandra Beatty, Editor Board on International Comparative Studies in Education Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education National Research Council NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS Washington, D.C. 1997
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--> NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance. This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine.This report was supported by Cooperative Grant No. OSR-9355774 from the National Science Foundation, which includes funds from the National Center for Education Statistics of the U.S. Department of Education. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for this project. International Standard Book Number 0-309-05944-5 Additional copies of this report are available from: National Academy Press 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W. Lock Box 285 Washington, D.C. 20055 Call 800-624-6242 or 202-334-3313 (in the Washington Metropolitan Area). This report is also available on line at http://www.nap.edu Printed in the United States of America Copyright 1997 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
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--> BOARD ON INTERNATIONAL COMPARATIVE STUDIES IN EDUCATION Michael W. Kirst (Chair), School of Education, Stanford University Gordon M. Ambach (Ex officio), Council of Chief State School Officers, Washington, D.C. Christopher T. Cross, Council for Basic Education, Washington, D.C. John A. Dossey, Department of Mathematics, Illinois State University Ronald K. Hambleton, School of Education, University of Massachusetts Ruth E.S. Hayhoe, The Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Paul G. LeMahieu, University of Delaware and Delaware Department of Public Instruction Mary M. Lindquist, School of Education, Columbus State University Marlaine E. Lockheed, Human Development Department, World Bank, Washington, D.C. Lynn W. Paine, Department of Teacher Education, Michigan State University Andrew C. Porter, Wisconsin Center for Educational Research, School of Education, University of Wisconsin, Madison Francisco O. Ramirez, School of Education, Stanford University Janet S. Hansen, Director Alexandra Beatty, Program Officer M. Jane Phillips, Senior Project Assistant
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--> The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. William A. Wulf is president of the National Academy of Engineering. The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Kenneth I. Shine is president of the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts and Dr. William A. Wulf are chairman and vice chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council.
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--> Contents Introduction 1 What Are Internationally Competitive Education Standards? 5 Standard-Setting as a Political Process 9 Implementing Standards 14 Summing Up 22 References 25 Appendix A Workshop Participants 29 Appendix B Workshop Agenda 33 Appendix C Workshop Papers 37
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Taking Stock What Have We Learned About Making Education Standards Internationally Competitive?
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