In this report, the committee examines NASA’s strategy for protecting the shuttle orbiter from meteoroids and debris and recommends new strategies where appropriate. Chapter 2 examines the hazard to the orbiter and crew from meteoroids and orbital debris. Chapter 3 reviews the shuttle program’s risk assessment and risk management strategies, and Chapter 4 looks at the tools NASA uses to assess the risk. Chapter 5 explores the use of collision warning and avoidance systems, and Chapter 6 describes steps that can be taken to improve the shuttle’s survivability.


NRC (National Research Council). 1995. Orbital Debris: A Technical Assessment. Committee on Space Debris, Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

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