4

 

RENDERING EXPLOSIVE MATERIALS INERT

 

97

   

Introduction,

 

97

   

Ammonium Nitrate in Mining and Agriculture,

 

99

   

Rendering Bulk Ammonium Nitrate Inert,

 

103

   

Research and Testing Needed,

 

108

   

Legal Issues,

 

110

   

Conclusions and Recommendations,

 

112

5

 

LIMITING CRIMINAL ACCESS TO EXPLOSIVES AND PRECURSOR CHEMICALS

 

117

   

Introduction,

 

117

   

Controls on Purchase and Use of Commercial Explosives in the United States and Abroad,

 

118

   

Common Precursor Chemicals Potentially Subject to Controls—Developing a Short List,

 

126

   

Potential Models for Control of Explosives Precursors,

 

132

   

Recommended Controls on Short-list Precursor Chemicals at Various Threat Levels,

 

142

   

Legal Issues,

 

153

   

Conclusions and Recommendations,

 

155

 

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY

 

159

 

 

APPENDIXES

 

 

   

A Biographical Sketches of Committee Members

 

167

   

B Statement of Task

 

173

   

C Committee Meetings

 

177

   

D Summary of Presentations and Materials from Marker and Taggant Vendors

 

182

   

E Summary of Presentations and Materials from Nonfederal Stakeholders

 

191

   

F Summary of European Site Visit

 

198

   

G An Analysis of the Legal Issues Attendant to the Marking, Inerting, or Regulation of Explosive Materials
Alan L. Calnan and Andrew E. Taslitz

 

215

   

H Test to Evaluate Detonability

 

341

   

I Laboratories Capable of Testing

 

344

   

J Probabilistic Aspects of Taggant Recovery

 

347

   

K Criteria for Ranking Common Explosive Chemicals

 

352

   

L ''Be Aware for America" Survey

 

356

   

M Components of Explosive Systems

 

359

   

N Glossary

 

363

   

O Acronyms and Abbreviations

 

369



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