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Index A Adolescence, nutritional needs, 89 Advertising, 38-39 Alabama, University of, 67 Alcohol, 37, 41, 91, 92 AMA Council on Medical Education and Hospitals, 11 AMA Foods and Nutrition Department Survey, 14-15 American Medical Association (AMA), 4, 15, 58, 64, 74 American Medical Student Association (AMSA), 4, 58, 71, 121-126 American Society for Clinical Nutrition, 74 Anemia, 11, 30 Anorexia nervosa, 41, 87 Antacids, 92 Arteriosclerosis, 30, 37 Ascorbic acid, 11, 91 Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC), 4, 8, 18, 19, 58, 59, 63, 64, 98 Atherosclerosis, 90 Atwater, Wilbur, 10 137 B Biliary tract disease, 91 Biotin, 40 Bulimia, 41, 87 C Cachexia, 40, 91 Caffeine, 37 Calcium, 35, 42, 88, 90, 91 Cancer, 30, 35, 40, 91 Carbohydrates, 88 Cardiovascular disease, 31-32, 90 Celiac disease, 40, 91 Cerebrovascular disease, 30, 31 Chicopee Conference, 13, 14 Childhood nutritional needs, 37, 89 Cholesterol, 32, 90 Chromium, 40 Cirrhosis, 30 Clinical Nutrition Research Units (CNRUs), 16-17, 73, 98 Consensus Development Conference on Lowering Blood Cholesterol to Prevent Heart Disease, 32

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138 Copper, 40, 88 Council on Foods and Nutrition, 13 Council on Medical Education and Hospitals, It Cultural influence on diet, 92-93 Curriculum. See Nutrition education programs D Dental caries, 30, 92 Diabetes, 30, 39, 90 Diarrhea, 91 Dietary fiber, 39-40 Dietary modification, 38, 90, 92 Dietary practices, 5, 92-93, 96 Disaccharidase deficiency, 91, 92 Disease prevention and treatment, 5, 29-35, 42-43, 90-92, 96 Drug-nutrient interaction, 41, 87, 89 E Eating disorders, 41, 87 Elderly persons, nutritional status of, 37-38, 89 Emory University, 17 Energy balance, 5, 86-87, 96 Enteral nutrition, 40, 42, 91 Exercise, 38, 86, 92 F Faculty responsibility, 6, 65-67, 69-70, 75, 78, 96 Fiber, 39-40 Fluoride compounds, 88 Folate metabolism, 41, 88 Food supplements, 38-39 Funding, 4, 7-8, 15-17, 58, 73-74, 76-77, 98 Funk, Casimir, 10 G Gastrointestinal disorders, 30, 39-40, 91 Genetic disorders, 37 Georgia, Medical College of, 66 Government Accounting Office, 15 H Health maintenance, 29-35, 42-43 Health Resources Service Administration, 73-74 Heart disease, 30 High blood pressure, 32 Hopkins, Frederick Gowland, 10 Hyperlipidemia, 90 Hypertension, 32, 37, 90 Hypovitaminosis, 91 I Ileitis, 40, 91 Immune system, 33, 40, 91 Infant mortality, 36

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139 Infant nutritional needs, 37, 40, 88-89 Iodine, 40, 88 Iron, 40, 42, 88 L Lactose intolerance, 92 Lead, 92 Liaison Committee on Medical Education (LCME), 4, 18, 58, 59, 63, 70, 98 Life cycle, nutrition in, 5, 88-89, 96 Linoleic acid, 11 Lipids, 88, 90 Liver disease, 91 Low birth weight, 30, 36 Lusk, Graham, 10 M Macronutrients, 88 Magnesium, 90 Malnutrition, 5, 33-34 Manganese, 40 Mayer, Jean, 13 Medical student surveys, 4, 13-14, 18, 70-71, 78, 121 Mercury, 92 Metabolic disorders, 92 Metropolitan Life Foundation, 74 Micronutrients, 40, 88 Mineral deficiencies, 30 Molybdenum, 40 N National Board examinations, 7, 58, 71-73, 75, 97, 127-136 National Board of Medical Examiners, 4, 7, 72, 97 National Dairy Council, 74 National Institutes of Health (NIH), 4, 16, 17, 58, 73, 76, 98 National Nutrition Test- Item Bank (NNTIB), 67 National Workshop on Nutrition Education in Health Professional Schools, 17 New York Academy of Medicine, 66 New York-New Jersey Regional Center for Nutrition Education, 64, 66 News media, 30 Nickel, 40 Nutrient requirements, 5, 87-88, 96 Nutrient-nutrient interaction, 42, 87 Nutrition adolescent needs, 89 acute care, 39-40 cancer, 35 cardiovascular disease, 31-32 disease prevention/ health maintenance relationship, 29-35, 42-43 drug-nutrient interaction, 41, 87, 89 eating disorders, 41, 87 elderly persons' needs, 37-38, 89 general public's needs, 38-39 infancy and childhood needs, 37, 40, 88-89 malnutrition, 5, 33-34 nutrient-nutrient interaction, 42, 87

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140 obesity, 30, 34-35 36, 37, 87, 90 osteoporosis, 30, 35, 89 pregnancy needs, 36-37, 88, 89 supplemental feeding techniques, 40-41, 91 surgery, 90, 91 team approach to patient care, 42 Nutrition and Human Needs Select Subcommittee, Senate, 13 Nutrition Coordinating Committee, 16, 17 Nutrition education programs abroad, 19 conclusions and recommendations, 4-8, 74-75, 78, 95-98 curricular organization, 67-68 curriculum guidelines, 5-6, 85-93, 96 curriculum surveys, 3-4, 14-15, 18, 58-64, 85, 95-96, 101, 103, 107 evaluation criteria, 57-58 faculty responsibility, 6, 65-67, 69-70, 75, 78, 96 historical perspective, 1-2, 9-15, 19-20 implementation obstacles, 7, 69-70, 97 medical student opinion, 4, 18, 70-71, 78, 121 public policy issue, 15-19 selected medical schools, 64-70, 111, 119 Nutr ition Foundation, 13, 74 Nutrition in life cycle, 5, 88-89, 96 Nutrition research, 6-7, 78, 97 funding, 4, 7-8, 15-17, 58, 73-74, 76-77, 98 historical perspective, 1-2, 9-13, 19-20 Nutrition Subcommittee, Senate, 15 Nutritional assessment, 5, 89, 96 o Obesity, 30, 34-35, 36, 37, 87, 90 Office of Science and Technology Policy, 16 Oral contraceptives, 41 Oral disease, 92 Osteoporosis, 30, 3S, 89 p Pancreatic disease, 91 Parenteral nutrition, 17-18, 40-41, 91 Phenylketonuria, 92 Phosphorus, 42, 88, 90, 91 Pregnancy needs, 36-37, 88, 89 Premature infants, 18, 40 Protein, 42, 88, 91 Protein-energy malnutrition (PEA), 5, 89-90, 96 R Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs), 16, 87 Renal disease, 40, 91

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141 Research. See Nutrition research S Saturated fats, 90 Selenium, 40, 88 Sepsis, 90, 91 Short-bowl syndrome, 40, 91 Social influence on diet, 92-93 Sodium, 90, 91 South Eastern Regional Medical Education in Nutrition (SEAMEN) Program, 66, 67, 73 Sprue, 40, 91 Student surveys, 4, 13-14, 18, 70-71, 78, 121 Substance abuse, 92 Supplemental feeding techniques, 40-41, 91 Surgery, nutrition and, 90, 91 Surveys of curricula, 3-4, 14-15, 18, 58-64, 85, 95-96, 101, 103, 107 of students, 4, 13-14, 18, 70-71, 78, 121 T Team approach to patient care, 42 Textbooks, 8, 68, 75, 98 Thermal injury responses, 91 Total parenteral nutrition, 40, 42 Toxic substances, 92 Trauma responses, 90, 91 U Ulcerative colitis, 91 Undernutrition, 87 V Vanadium, 40 Vegetarianism, 38, 93 Vitamin A, 88 Vitamin Be, 41 Vitamin B12, 12, 88 Vitamin C, 42 Vitamin D, 88, 91 Vitamin deficiencies, 30 Vitamins, 10-12, 39, 91, 92 W White House Conference on Food, Nutrition, and Health, 13-14 Williamsburg Conference, 14 Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Program, 42 Workshop on Physician Education in Cancer Nutrition, 17 z Zinc, 40, 88, 91