effective in ensuring that foreign markets are open to U.S. products. Better information on specific technologies and improvements in the national S&T data system generally could facilitate common international characterizations of new technologies.

Congressional Concerns

Tom Weimer, staff director of the Subcommittee on Basic Research of the House Committee on Science, listed several issues of concern to Congress that might be more easily resolved with information on research and innovation: What are appropriate levels of direct R&D support in light of the priority to reduce the federal budget deficit? What relative emphasis should be placed on direct R&D support versus tax incentives for private investment? Should the much-discussed decline of corporate spending for long-term research and the shift toward shorter-term R&D horizons influence the federal R&D portfolio? How should graduate training of scientists and engineers for the private workforce be supported? How should the outcomes of both basic research and technology development be measured to meet the objectives of the GPRA?

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