Launch Year

Mission Name

Cooperating Countries

Space Science Objectives or Remarks

1992

Mars Observer

Fb-US

Mars geoscience and climatology

1993

ORFEUS-SPAS-1

D-US

Explore universe in far and extreme UV

1994

Wind

ESAb-US-F(3)b

Measure three-dimensional plasma and energetic particle distributions

1995

SOHO

USb

Investigate processes that lead to formation and heating of solar corona

1996

FAST

Db

Study energy transfer processes in magnetosphere

1996

ORFEUS-SPAS-2

D-US

Second flight of this German-U.S. cooperative, Shuttle-launched subsatellite

1996

TSS-IR (reflight)

Ia-USb

Experiments on electricity in space

1997

Cassini-Huygens

US-ESA-I

Spacecraft orbiter and probe mission to Saturn and its moon, Titan

1997

Equator-S

Dc

Measure magnetic and electrical fields and density, velocity, temperature, and composition of the charged particles surrounding the spacecraft

NOTE: Where countries are listed without a superscript notation (e.g., D-US), the mission was fully cooperative with many joint experiments and mission elements.

a Reimbursable launch on a U.S. vehicle; U.S.-cooperative mission launched on a U.S. vehicle.

b European experiment on a U.S. mission.

c U.S. experiment on a European mission; ESRO became ESA in 1975.

AMPTE

Active Magnetospheric Particle Tracer Explorer

ANS

Astronomical Netherlands Satellite

COS

Cosmic Ray Satellite (Germany)

DME

Direct Measurement Explorer

ESRO

European Space Research Organization

FAST

Fast Auroral Snapshot Explorer

FAUST

Far Ultraviolet Space Telescope

GEOS

Geostationary satellite

GRO

Gamma-Ray Observatory

GRS

German Research Satellite

HEAO

High-Energy Astronomical Observatory

HEOS

Highly Eccentric Orbit Satellite

HST

Hubble Space Telescope

INTASAT

Infrared Astronomical Satellite

IRAS

Infrared Astronomical Satellite

ISEE

International Sun-Earth Explorer

 



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