H

Acronyms and Abbreviations


ACS

Advanced Camera for Surveys (on HST)

AGHF

Advanced Gradient Heating Facility

AMPTE

Active Magnetospheric Particle Tracer Explorer

ANS

Astronomical Netherlands Satellite

AO

Announcement of Opportunity

APCF

Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility

APL

Applied Physics Laboratory (Johns Hopkins University)

APT

Automatic Picture Transmission

ARGOS

Advanced Research and Global Observations Satellite (France)

ASA

Austrian Space Agency

ASI

Agenzìa Spaziale Italiana [Italian Space Agency]

ASTP

Apollo-Soyuz Test Project

ATLAS

Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications and Science

AVHRR

Advanced Very High-Resolution Radiometer

AVISO

Archiving, Validation and Interpretation of Satellite Oceanographic [Data Center]

AWG

Astronomy Working Group (ESA)

Astrophysics Working Group (ESRO)

AXAF

Advanced X-Ray Astronomy Facility


BDPU

Bubble, Drop, and Particle Unit

BMFT

Bundesministerium für Forschung und Technologie (Germany)

BNSC

British National Space Centre

BOREAS

Boreal Ecosystem-Atmosphere Study (of Central Canada)


CAC

Cost at completion

CCE

Charge Composition Explorer (on AMPTE)

CDTI

Centro para el Desarrollo Tecnológico Industrial [Center for Industrial

Technology Development] (Spain)

CEOS

Committee on Earth Observation Satellites

CERES

Clouds and Earth's Radiant Energy System

CERN

Centre d'Études et de Recherches Nucléaires (European Laboratory for Particle Physics)

CFZF

Commercial Float Zone Furnace



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--> H Acronyms and Abbreviations ACS Advanced Camera for Surveys (on HST) AGHF Advanced Gradient Heating Facility AMPTE Active Magnetospheric Particle Tracer Explorer ANS Astronomical Netherlands Satellite AO Announcement of Opportunity APCF Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility APL Applied Physics Laboratory (Johns Hopkins University) APT Automatic Picture Transmission ARGOS Advanced Research and Global Observations Satellite (France) ASA Austrian Space Agency ASI Agenzìa Spaziale Italiana [Italian Space Agency] ASTP Apollo-Soyuz Test Project ATLAS Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications and Science AVHRR Advanced Very High-Resolution Radiometer AVISO Archiving, Validation and Interpretation of Satellite Oceanographic [Data Center] AWG Astronomy Working Group (ESA) Astrophysics Working Group (ESRO) AXAF Advanced X-Ray Astronomy Facility BDPU Bubble, Drop, and Particle Unit BMFT Bundesministerium für Forschung und Technologie (Germany) BNSC British National Space Centre BOREAS Boreal Ecosystem-Atmosphere Study (of Central Canada) CAC Cost at completion CCE Charge Composition Explorer (on AMPTE) CDTI Centro para el Desarrollo Tecnológico Industrial [Center for Industrial Technology Development] (Spain) CEOS Committee on Earth Observation Satellites CERES Clouds and Earth's Radiant Energy System CERN Centre d'Études et de Recherches Nucléaires (European Laboratory for Particle Physics) CFZF Commercial Float Zone Furnace

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--> CGMS Coordination Group for Meteorological Satellites CISP Committee on International Space Programs (U.S.) CLAES Cryogenic Limb Array Etalon Spectrometer CNES Centre National d'Études Spatiales (French Space Agency) COMPLEX Committee on Planetary and Lunar Exploration COS Cosmic Ray Satellite (Germany) COS-B Cosmic Ray Satellite B COSPAR Committee on Space Research COSTAR Corrective Optics Space Telescope Axial Replacement (HST) CPCG Commercial Protein Crystal Growth Facility CPF Critical Point Facility CRAF Comet Rendezvous Asteroid Flyby CRISTA Cryogenic Infrared Spectrometers and Telescopes for the Atmosphere CRRES Combined Release and Radiation Effects Satellite CSA Canadian Space Agency CSLM Coarsening in Solid-Liquid Mixtures Facility D/APP, D/SCI Directorate of Application Programmes, Directorate of Scientific Programmes DARA Deutsche Agentur für Raumfahrt Angelegenheiten (German Space Agency) DCE Droplet Combustion Experiment DISCO Dual Spectral Irradiance and Solar Constant Orbiter DLR-PT Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt-Projektträger [German Center for Air and Spaceflight Projects] DME Direct Measurement Explorer DOD Department of Defense (U.S.) DORIS Détermination d'Orbite et Radiopositionnement Intégré par Satellite [Doppler Orbitography and Radiopositioning Integrated by Satellite] DSN Deep Space Network DSRI Danish Space Research Institute ECF European Coordinating Facility EGS EOS Ground System ELDO European Launcher Development Organization ELV Expendable Launch Vehicle ENVISAT Environmental Satellite EOAC Earth Observation Advisory Committee EO-ICWG Earth Observation-International Coordination Working Group EOIM Evaluation of Oxygen Interaction with Materials EOPP Earth Observation Preparatory Programme EOS Earth Observing System EOSDIS Earth Observing System Data and Information System EOSAT Earth Observing Satellite Company EPS European Physical Society EROS Earth Resource Observation Satellite ERS European Remote Sensing (satellite) ERTS Earth Resources Technology Satellite (now Landsat) ESA European Space Agency ESAC Earth Science Advisory Committee (ESA) ESE Earth Science Enterprise ESF European Science Foundation ESO European Southern Observatory ESOC European Space Operations Center

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--> ESPOIR European Symposium on Opportunities and Instrumentation for Remote Sensing ESRO European Space Research Organization ESSAAC Earth System Science and Applications Advisory Committee ESSC European Space Science Committee ESSP Earth System Science Pathfinder ESTEC European Space Research and Technology Centre EU European Union EUMETSAT European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites EURECA European Retrievable Carrier EUTELSAT European Telecommunications Satellite Organization EUV Extreme ultraviolet EXOSAT European Space Agency's X-Ray Observatory Satellite (formerly HELOS) FAST Fast Auroral Snapshot Explorer FAUST Far Ultraviolet Space Telescope FFEU Free Flow Electrophoresis Unit FGS Fine Guidance Sensors (on HST) FIFE First International Land Surface Climatology Project (ISLSCP) Field Experiment FOC Faint Object Camera (on HST) FORBAIRT Technical and economic development entity (Ireland) FOS Faint Object Spectrometer (on HST) FUSE Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer GAO General Accounting Office (U.S.) GARP Global Atmospheric Research Program GAS Get Away Special GEOS Geostationary satellite GHRS Goddard High-Resolution Spectrometer (on HST) GMM Generic Mars mission GNP Gross national product GO Guest observer GOES Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite GPPF Gravitational Plant Physiology Facility GPS Global Positioning System GRACE Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment GRASP Gamma-Ray Spectroscopy and Positioning (telescope) GRGS Group de Recherche de Géodésie Spatiale [Research Group for Space Geodesy] GRIST Grazing Incidence Solar Telescope GRO Gamma-Ray Observatory GRS German Research Satellite GSFC Goddard Space Flight Center GSOC Guide Star Occultation Prediction Utility HAPEX Hydrological and Atmospheric Pilot Experiment in the Sahel HCMM Heat Capacity Mapping Mission HEAO High-Energy Astronomical Observatory HEDS Human Exploration and Development of Space Enterprise HEOS Highly Eccentric Orbit Satellite HRI High-Resolution Imager (on ROSAT) HST Hubble Space Telescope HUD Department of Housing and Urban Development (U.S.) HZE High-Charge Z and High-Energy Particles IACG Inter-Agency Consultative Group (for Space Science)

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--> IAS Infrared Astronomical Satellite IAU International Astronomical Union IBIS Imager on Board the INTEGRAL Satellite ICE International Cometary Explorer ICSU International Council of Scientific Unions IGBP International Geosphere-Biosphere Program ILSCP International Land Surface Climatology Project IML International Microgravity Laboratory IMP Interplanetary Monitoring Platform IMRC International Mission Review Committee IMS International Magnetospheric Study IMSCIE International Magnetospheric Study Central Information Exchange IMWG International Mission Working Group INTASAT Instituto Nacional de Tecnica Aerospacial Satellite INTEGRAL International Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory IPS Instrument Pointing System IRAS Infrared Astronomical Satellite IRM Ion Release Module (on AMPTE) ISAS Institute for Space and Astronautical Science (Japan) ISEE International Sun-Earth Explorer ISLSCP International Satellite Land Surface Climatology Project ISO Infrared Space Observatory ISPM International Solar Polar Mission (later renamed Ulysses) ISS International Space Station ISTP International Solar-Terrestrial Physics program IUC International Users Committee (for ROSAT) IUE International Ultraviolet Explorer IUS Interim Upper Stage JEM-X Joint European X-Ray Monitor (on INTEGRAL) JERS Japanese Earth Resources Satellite JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory JSWT Joint Science Working Team JWG Joint Working Group LAGEOS Laser Geodynamics Satellite LANS Astronomical Netherlands Satellite LDEF Long Duration Exposure Facility LEGOS Laboratoire en Géophysique et Océanographie Spatiale LMS Life and Microgravity Spacelab LMScAAC Life and Microgravity Sciences and Applications Advisory Committee LST Large Space Telescope MAHRSI Middle Atmosphere High-Resolution Spectrograph Investigation MAROTS Maritime Communications Satellite Program MAU Million accounting units MAUS Materialwissenschaftliche Autonome Experimente unter Schwerelosigkeit MEA Materials Experiment Assembly MEPHISTO Matériel pour l'Étude des Phenomenes Interessant de la Solidification sur Terre et en Orbit MESUR Mars Environmental Survey METEOSAT European Geostationary Meteorological Satellite METOP Meteorological Operational Satellite MFC Microgravity Facility for Columbus

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--> MGCO Mars Geoscience and Climatology Orbiter MIMR Multifrequency Imaging Microwave Radiometer MLS Microwave Limb Sounder MMA Microgravity Measurement Assembly MO&DA Mission operations and data analysis (U.S.) MOU Memorandum of Understanding MPE Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik MRLS Microgravity research and life sciences MSG METEOSAT Second Generation MSL Microgravity Science Laboratory MSS Multispectral Scanner (on Landsat) MTPE Mission to Planet Earth (former name of Earth Science Enterprise) NAE Nuclear Astrophysics Explorer NAS National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration (U.S.) NASDA National Space Development Agency (Japan) NGST Next Generation Space Telescope NICMOS Near-Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer (on HST) NIMBUS NASA environmental research satellite series NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (U.S.) NPOESS National Polar orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System NRC National Research Council (U.S.) NSC Norwegian Space Centre OAO Orbiting Astronomical Observatory OES Office of Earth Science (formerly Office of Mission to Planet Earth) OGO Orbiting Geophysical Observatory OMB Office of Management and Budget (U.S.) OMC Optical Monitoring Camera (on INTEGRAL) OOE Out of ecliptic (mission) OPEN Origins of Plasmas in the Earth's Neighborhood OPST Outer Planets Study Team ORFEUS Orbiting and Retrievable Far and Extreme Ultraviolet Spectrometer OSO Orbiting Solar Observatory OSSA Office of Space Science and Applications (U.S.-NASA) OSTA Office of Space Technology and Applications (NASA) OSTP Office of Science and Technology Policy (U.S.) PI Principal investigator PODAAC Physical Oceanography Distributed Active Archive Center POEM Polar Orbit Earth Observation Mission POGO Polar Orbiting Geophysical Observatory POPE Polar Orbiting Platform Element PPARC Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council (U.K.) PRARE Precise Range and Range-rate Equipment PRODEX Programme de Développement d'Expériences Scientifiques [Science Experiment Development Programme] (ESA) PSG Project Science Group PSPC Position-Sensitive Proportional Counter (on ROSAT) RAHF Research Animal Holding Facility ROSAT Roentgen Satellite RSDC ROSAT Science Data Center

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--> RTG Radioisotope thermoelectric generator SADM Solar Array Drive Mechanism SAF Space Agency Forum SAO Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory SAR Synthetic Aperture Radar SARSAT Search and Rescue Satellite SDI Strategic Defense Initiative SERC Science and Engineering Research Council (U.K.) SIR Shuttle Imaging Radar SIRIO Italian Satellite for Industrially Oriented Research SIRTF Space Infrared Telescope Facility SLS Spacelab Life Sciences SME Solar Mesospheric Explorer SMM Solar Maximum Mission SNSB Swedish National Space Board SOHO Solar and Heliospheric Observatory SPAS Shuttle Pallet Satellite (Germany) SPC Science Programme Committee (ESA) SPOT Système Pour l'Observation de la Terre SRL Space Radar Laboratory SRON Stichting Ruimteonderzoek Nederland [Space Research Organization Netherlands] SSAC Space Science Advisory Committee (ESA) SSB Space Studies Board (U.S.) SSC Swedish Space Corporation SScAC Space Science Advisory Committee (NASA) SSE Space Science Enterprise SSEC Solar System Exploration Committee of the NASA Advisory Council SSO Swiss Space Office SST Supersonic transport SSTC Services Federaux des Affairs Scientifiques, Techniques et Culturelles [Federal Service for Scientific, Technical, and Cultural Affairs] (Belgium) SSWG Solar System Working Group (ESA) STEP Satellite to Test the Equivalence Principle STIC Space Telescope Institute Council STIS Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph STJ Superconducting Tunnel Junction STS Space Transportation System (U.S. Space Shuttle) STScI Space Telescope Science Institute STSP Solar-Terrestrial Science Program SURGE Seasat Users Research Group of Europe SWT Science working team TD Thor Delta TEKES Technology Development Centre (Finland) TEMPUS Electromagnetic Containerless Processing Facility TIROS Television Infrared Observing Satellite TM Thematic Mapper TOGA Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Program TOPEX (Ocean) Topography Experiment TPSG Terrestrial Planets Study Group TVD Torque Velocity Dynamometer

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--> UARS Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite UK United Kingdom UKDC United Kingdom Data Centre (ROSAT) UKGOC United Kingdom Guest Observer Centre UKS United Kingdom Subsatellite (on AMPTE) US-CREST United States Center for Research and Education on Strategy and Technology USML U.S. Microgravity Laboratory USMP U.S. Microgravity Payload UV Ultraviolet VA Department of Veterans Affairs (U.S.) VEGA Venera (Venus)-Halley (former U.S.S.R.) WCRP World Climate Research Programme WFC Wide Field Camera WFPC Wide Field and Planetary Camera (on HST) WOCE World Ocean Circulation Experiment WWW World Weather Watch XMM X-Ray Multi-Mirror Mission XRT X-Ray Telescope (on ROSAT) X-SAR X-band Synthetic Aperture Radar XUV Extreme ultraviolet