satellite data, general, 30, 121, 390, 427, 436, 437

snow, 390

vegetation, 123, 392

Arctic Boundary Layer Expedition, 53

Arctic systems, 25, 27, 32, 160, 161, 166, 249, 264, 265, 401

ozone layer depletion, other than Antarctica, 197, 201

polar platforms, 14-15, 29, 428, 430

see also Antarctica;

Cryosphere;

Greenland

Atlantic Ocean, 53, 100

North Atlantic Oscillation, 133, 138-139, 141, 142, 150, 151, 157, 161, 165, 168, 257, 302

surface temperature, other, 98, 133, 145, 149, 151, 156, 165, 168

thermohaline circulation, 141, 147, 169, 267

Younger Dryas, 132, 242-243, 252

Atmosphere-ocean interactions, 100, 114, 219, 408, 425-426, 528

carbon dioxide exchange, 20, 21, 36, 173, 181, 384, 478, 479, 480-486, 491, 501-502

decadal to centennial climate change, 127, 136, 137, 141, 143, 148-149, 155, 156-159, 173, 181, 182-183, 396;

see also “paleoclimatology” infra

ecosystems, 20, 21, 36, 51

GOALS, 110, 114, 115, 117, 379, 387, 388

models, 14, 89, 99, 100, 101, 112, 114, 115, 148, 154, 156, 266-267, 268, 383, 387, 399, 453, 454, 456, 457, 473-487, 490-493, 500-502

paleoclimatology, 240, 251, 266

sea level pressure, 136, 137, 141, 143, 388

see also El Niño;

La Niña;

Sea surface temperature

Atmospheric boundary layers, 29, 107, 115-116, 152, 155, 168, 174-175, 183, 200, 201, 221, 400, 519

Atmospheric chemistry, xi, xii, 8, 170-176, 191-236, 277, 353-354, 399-410, 453, 464, 487-495, 498, 502-503, 519-520, 524

case studies, 193

data management, 193-194, 206-207, 220

decadal to centennial climate change, 129, 170-176

large-scale ecosystems, 21, 22, 23, 28, 33, 44, 49-51, 53, 69

models, 191, 194, 201, 204, 207, 208, 209, 213, 214, 218, 219, 220-221, 225, 226, 227, 230, 231-232, 487-495, 502-503, 520

regional factors, 33, 49, 203, 204, 224, 227, 229, 403, 405-406

satellite technology, 207, 220, 223, 227, 407

see also Aerosols;

Air pollution;

Greenhouse gases;

Ozone layer depletion;

Trace gases

Atmospheric circulation, 489

decadal to centennial climate change, 136, 153-156, 152, 153-156

experimental studies, 229-230, 402, 406

paleoclimatology, 251, 271, 276, 277

wind, 99, 113, 121, 136, 159, 182, 259, 388, 390-391, 395, 397, 460, 467

see also Atmospheric transport;

El Niño;

General circulation models;

La Niña;

North Atlantic Oscillation;

North Pacific Oscillation

Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project, 96-97, 451

Atmospheric moisture, 9, 202, 222-224, 449, 457, 467, 524, 528

decadal to centennial climate change, 127, 128, 164-165, 167-168, 170, 175, 179-180, 183, 395

large-scale ecosystems, 29, 61, 68

seasonal to interannual climate change, 97, 104, 108, 113, 115, 387, 388

see also Aerosols;

Clouds and cloud cover;

Evaporation;

Greenhouse gases;

Humidity;

Precipitation;

Transpiration/evapotranspiration

Atmospheric pressure, 102, 108, 136, 141, 395

see also Sea level pressure

Atmospheric temperature, 5, 15, 378, 379

decadal to centennial climate change, 127, 128, 131, 132, 170, 171, 174, 179, 258, 395

ecosystems, 21, 23, 25-26, 29

ozone layer, 200

paleoclimatology, 131, 132, 241, 243, 244, 248, 250, 251, 254-255, 257, 264-268



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