human dimension research, 298, 337-338, 342, 350, 353-356, 357, 413

mission of, 10-11, 377

modeling efforts, general, 446, 456, 497, 499-500, 531-533

observation systems, 377-430

program review, 10-16

recommendations for, 517-546

research infrastructure, 335-336, 442

seasonal to interannual climate change, 87, 117

U.S. government,

see Federal government;

terms beginning “Department”, “National” and “Office”

V

Vegetation, 123, 528

archiving, 123, 392

canopy measures, 26, 39, 51, 61, 62-63

decadal to centennial climate change, 152, 162-164, 166, 169, 170, 183, 398-399

Holocene, 250

large-scale ecosystem modeling, 19, 20, 21, 26-27, 31, 32-33, 36, 37-42, 49, 51-52, 57, 61-63, 72

modeling, other, 263-264, 268, 448, 452, 454, 457-464, 469, 498-499

paleoclimatology, 250, 256-264, 265

photosynthesis, 25, 32, 35-36, 62-63, 386, 458, 459, 460, 461

pollen, 250

precipitation, 88

satellite observations, 51, 221;

see also “canopy measures” supra

seasonal to interannual climate change, 104-105, 116, 123, 381, 386, 388, 392

successional dynamics, 25, 41, 57, 232, 305, 448, 452, 458, 460, 463, 499

tree rings, 167, 169, 170, 250, 254, 257, 275, 276, 410

see also Drought;

Forests;

Transpiration/evapotranspiration

Vegetation and Ecosystem Modeling and Analysis Project, 38-42

Volatile organic compounds, 164, 204, 403, 405

Volcanic eruptions, 206, 210, 211, 213, 222, 228, 314, 492

decadal to centennial climate change, 127-128, 172

paleoclimatology, 239, 240, 248, 251, 254, 257, 269, 271, 272, 277, 278

Vulnerability, human, 95, 170, 293, 294, 297, 298, 299, 301-302, 312-316 (passim), 329, 330, 331, 334, 340-345 (passim), 354, 357, 496

W

Water cycles,

see Hydrological cycles

Water vapor,

see Atmospheric moisture

Wetlands, 32, 178, 466, 469

Wind, 99, 113, 121, 136, 159, 182, 259, 166, 388, 390-391, 395, 397, 460, 467

World Climate Conferences, 2, 5

World Climate Research Programme, 2, 3, 117, 263, 268, 394, 425

World Fertility Survey, 331, 414

World Meteorological Organization, 5, 6, 191, 389

World Ocean Circulation Experiment, 457, 480, 484, 486, 487, 501

World Wide Web,

see Internet

Y

Younger Dryas, 132, 242-243, 252



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