These highly fortified blended foods are provided as ration supplements to refugees and displaced persons in camps and to beneficiaries of developmental aid programs that are targeted largely to mothers and children. (Developmental aid uses food primarily in school feeding programs, in maternal and child health programs, and in food-for-work projects where the food is used as a substitute for money to pay for labor on development projects. Developmental food aid is rarely the sole source of food for the family.) These blended, cereal-based foods are partially precooked during processing, which allows them to be incorporated easily into a number of different food preparations that are acceptable to many different cultures and to be prepared by the recipient with a minimal use of fuel.
It has been estimated that 44 percent of global food aid deliveries were financed by the United States in 1996. However, the United States supplied 84 percent of the total blended, fortified foods used worldwide (Dr. Judit Katona-Apte, World Food Programme, United Nations, personal communication, 1997). Of the blended, fortified food commodities provided by the United States in