TABLE 1-3. Selected Nutrient Composition of Wheat-Soy Blend (WSB)

 

Nutrients in WSB Components

 

 

 

Nutrient

Wheat Fractionsa (73.1 g)

Soy Flour Defatted (20 g)

Soy Oil (5.5 g)

Vit/minb Premix 2.9 g

Total Nutrient per 100 g WSB

Energy (kcal)

250

65.8

48.62

364.4

Protein (g)

10.0

9.4

19.4

Calcium (mg)

25.6

48.2

744

818

Phosphorus (mg)

219.3

134.7

400

754

Iron (mg)

1.8

1.8

15.2

18.8

Sodium (mg)

211

4

254

469

Zinc (mg)

1.41

0.49

0.9

2.8

Iodine (mg)

45.5

45.5

Vitamin A (IU)

8

2,314

2,322

Vitamin D (IU)

198

198

Vitamin E (mg)

0.12

0.4

1.0

7.5

9.02

Vitamin C (mg)

40

40

Thiamine (mg)

0.17

0.14

0.28

0.59

Riboflavin (mg)

0.08

0.05

0.39

0.52

Niacin (mg)

3.74

0.52

4.9

9.16

Pantothenic acid (mg)

0.76

0.40

2.75

3.91

Pyridoxine (mg)

0.25

0.11

0.165

0.525

Folacin (mcg)

19.7

61.1

198

278.8

Vitamin B12 (mcg)

3.97

3.97

a Wheat fractions nutrient content based on bulgur only.

b Vitamin and mineral premix USDA/CCC 1996 specifications.

SOURCE: Calculations based on USDA, Agricultural Research Service. 1997. USDA Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 11–1 (http://www.nal.usda.gov/fnic/foodcomp).

These highly fortified blended foods are provided as ration supplements to refugees and displaced persons in camps and to beneficiaries of developmental aid programs that are targeted largely to mothers and children. (Developmental aid uses food primarily in school feeding programs, in maternal and child health programs, and in food-for-work projects where the food is used as a substitute for money to pay for labor on development projects. Developmental food aid is rarely the sole source of food for the family.) These blended, cereal-based foods are partially precooked during processing, which allows them to be incorporated easily into a number of different food preparations that are acceptable to many different cultures and to be prepared by the recipient with a minimal use of fuel.

It has been estimated that 44 percent of global food aid deliveries were financed by the United States in 1996. However, the United States supplied 84 percent of the total blended, fortified foods used worldwide (Dr. Judit Katona-Apte, World Food Programme, United Nations, personal communication, 1997). Of the blended, fortified food commodities provided by the United States in



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