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BOX S-2 Uses of Dietary Reference Intakes for Healthy Individuals and Groups

Type of Use

For the Individual

For a Group

Planning

EAR: use in conjunction with a measure of variability of the group’s intake to set goals for the mean intake of a specific population.

RDA: aim for this intake.

 

AI: aim for this intake.

UL: use as a guide to limit intake; chronic intake of higher amounts may increase risk of adverse effects.

 

Assessmenta

EAR: use to examine the possibility of inadequacy; evaluation of true status requires clinical, biochemical, and/or anthropometric data.

EAR: use in the assessment of the prevalence of inadequate intakes within a group.

 

UL: use to examine the possibility of overconsumption; evaluation of true status requires clinical, biochemical, and/or anthropometric data.

 

RDA = Recommended Dietary Allowance

EAR = Estimated Average Requirement

AI = Adequate Intake

UL = Tolerable Upper Intake Level

a Requires statistically valid approximation of usual intake.



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