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DRI

Dietary Reference Intake

α-EALT

Erythrocyte alanine aminotransferase

EAR

Estimated Average Requirement

α-EAST

Erythrocyte aspartate aminotransferase

EEG

Electroencephalogram

EGR

Erythrocyte glutathione reductase

EGRAC

Erythrocyte glutathione reductase activity coefficient

ETK

Erythrocyte transketolase

ETKAC

Erythrocyte transketolase activity coefficient

FAD

Flavin-adenine dinucleotide

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

FIGLU

Formiminoglutamic acid

FMN

Flavin mononucleotide

FNB

Food and Nutrition Board

Hazard identification

The step in a risk assessment, which is concerned with the collection, organization, and evaluation of all information pertaining to the toxic properties of a nutrient.

HIV

Human immunodeficiency virus

HPLC

High-performance liquid chromatography

HPV

Human papilloma virus

IM

Intramuscular

IOM

Institute of Medicine

LCAT

Lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase

LOAEL

Lowest-observed-adverse-effect level; the lowest intake (or experimental dose) of a nutrient at which an adverse effect has been identified.

MCV

Mean cell volume

MI

Myocardial infarction

MMA

Methylmalonic acid

MTHFR

Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase

NAD

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide

NADP

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate

NAS

National Academy of Sciences

NE

Niacin equivalent



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