human factors considerations in implementation, 167

mode errors, 170

situation awareness, 171

skill degradation risk, 172

team functioning, 172

user acceptance, 173

user trust, 171-172

workload issues, 171

V

Vertical profile display, 249

Vigilance

demands of precision runway monitor/final monitor aid system, 142

in flight management system aircraft, 116

sources of complacency, 30-32

See also Monitoring;

Situation awareness

Virtual environments, collaborative, 59-60

Virtual reality

controller, 186

tower operations, 186

training applications, 185-186

Visual flight rules, 229

Visualization technologies, 48-50

competition for visual attention, 106

See also Flight information presentation;

Graphic displays

Voice loops, 58-59

Voice switching and control system, 67-68

Volpe Center, 220

W

Warning threshold, 32-33

Weather

current reporting systems, 97, 250

data acquisition, 96-97

data distribution, 97, 250

en route reporting system, 99

future prospects, 99, 250

proposed reporting systems, 97

reporting systems for pilots, 100

terminal reporting system, 97-99

Weather system processor, 99

Wind shear reporting system, 97, 99

Workload

adaptive automation for reducing, 41

center TRACON automation system, 161

controller, in free flight, 235-236

converging runway display aid and, 137

data link technology and, 105-106

definition, 25

electronic flight strips, 122

flight information processing systems, 124

flight management system effects, 114

in maintenance operations, 193

measurement, 114

in precision runway monitor/final monitor aid system, 142, 147

Programme for Harmonised Air Traffic Management Research in Eurocontrol, 170

reduction, 23-25

in traffic alert and collision avoidance system, 130-131

user request evaluation tool, 171

FIGURE 6.2 Center TRACON automation system (CTAS) traffic management advisor (TMA) display. Source: National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

FIGURE 6.3 Center TRACON automation system (CTAS) traffic management advisor (TMA) large screen displays. Source: National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

FIGURE 6.4 Center TRACON automation system (CTAS) descent advisor (DA) display. Source: National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

FIGURE 6.5 Center TRACON automation system (CTAS) final approach spacing tool (FAST) display. Source: National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

FIGURE 6.6 Center TRACON automation system (CTAS) conflict probe display. Source: National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

FIGURE 6.8 User request evaluation tool (URET) at controller's workstation. Source: Photo courtesy of the MITRE Corporation.

FIGURE 6.9 User request evaluation tool (URET) display. Source: Photo courtesy of the MITRE Corporation.

FIGURE 6.10 User request evaluation tool (URET) list display. Source: Photo courtesy of the MITRE Corporation.



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