general industry for businesses that employ 10 or fewer workers, the businesses must nonetheless comply with the standards, but farms that employ 10 or fewer workers (and do not have labor camps) are completely exempt from enforcement.

No health and safety justification for the distinction between agricultural and nonagricultural settings appears to exist. It should be a priority to protect the large number of youngsters working in agriculture to the same extent that young workers are protected in other industries. The committee acknowledges that extending OSHA coverage to agriculture is a complex issue with many possible ramifications. However, the fact that agriculture is one of the most dangerous industries in the country suggests the need to examine health and safety issues in agriculture more closely.

Recommendation: To ensure the equal protection of children and adolescents from health and safety hazards in agriculture, Congress should undertake an examination of the effects and feasibility of extending all relevant Occupational Safety and Health Administration regulations to agricultural workers, including subjecting small farms to the same level of OSHA enforcement as that applied to other small businesses.

Other Regulations and Enforcement

The committee makes a number of other recommendations pertaining to regulations and enforcement, including:

  • That the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, in consultation with the Occupational Safety and Health Administration and the Environmental Protection Agency, report on the extent to which existing occupational health and safety and pesticide standards take into account special risks to children and adolescents;

  • That the Task Force on Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks to Children, which was created by the President's Executive Order Number 13045, should ensure that its definition of children include older children and adolescents and include exposures to children and adolescents at work.

  • That additional resources be provided for the enforcement of child labor and health and safety regulations, as well as for an evalu-

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