and career planning class now incorporates occupational health and safety, and several community events have been held for parents, educators, and other community members. Materials for parents have been prepared and disseminated, and a brochure for health-care providers is being developed. Employers' outreach activities include workshops for city job program staff, a mentor training program developed for employers participating in the school-to-work program, and a joint labor-management occupational safety and health training program for restaurants. Initial evaluations of the Los Angeles program have shown changes in students' knowledge and attitudes about health and safety (Baker, 1997).
For the first time I learned there were safety and rights for teens at work.
Student in Los Angeles Young Worker Community Health Education Program
The past decade has seen a notable increase in the number of grassroots educational efforts, such as community-based safety campaigns, farm-safety day camps, and classroom presentations, which have been supported through funds from the private sector and NIOSH. Unfortunately, few of these programs have been subjected to comprehensive evaluation, and their effects on injury rates is unknown (Aherin et al., 1992; Murphy et al., 1996; National Committee for Childhood Agricultural Injury Prevention, 1996). Several studies have suggested that safety education has little or no effect on minimizing injuries associated with agriculture (Aherin et al., 1992; Shutske, 1994), and that engineering and environmental modifications may provide greater protection than education for young workers in agriculture (Aherin et al., 1992).
Currently, a myriad of educational programs target adults and children in an effort to prevent childhood agricultural injuries (Purschwitz, 1990; Shutske, 1994). Education and training are occurring through formal programs such as 4-H, FFA (formerly referred to as Future Farmers of America), and vocational training; the programs are sponsored in large part by public funding (U.S. De-