Research to determine whether the developmental characteristics of children and adolescents put them at increased risk from factors in the work environment, including chemical, physical, ergonomic, and psychosocial conditions (such as stress or type of supervision). Very little research has focused on the interaction of developmental characteristics of children and adolescents and risks in the workplace. Recently, the susceptibility of very young children to environmental and chemical toxins has received significant attention. This attention needs to be extended to older children and adolescents to discover at what ages susceptibility reaches a level no different from that for adults. Furthermore, the potential for harm to the musculoskeletal system caused by the physical demands of different types of work during the growth periods of adolescence needs greater attention.
Research on the most efficient and effective strategies to protect working children and adolescents, with an emphasis on primary prevention of injury and other negative outcomes.