a Being active in the labor force includes both employed youth and those looking for work.
b United Kingdom data from Heptinstall et al. (1997).
SOURCE: Data from International Labour Office (1996).
usual employment with no reference to time. For adolescents, the ages included also vary from country to country.
THIS STUDY AND REPORT
At the request of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, the Board on Children, Youth, and Families of the National Research Council and the Institute of Medicine organized a study on the health and safety implications of child labor. The study was asked to:
synthesize the relevant research on the positive and negative consequences of child labor in both agricultural and nonagricultural settings;
characterize the conditions under which adverse consequences are most likely to occur, and the extent to which children and youth are exposed to these conditions, including pesticides and other toxins;