them. Chapter 4 reviews what is known about the educational, psychological, and social effects of working on school-age youngsters.
Chapter 5 discusses work in agriculture, which is treated differently from other industries under child labor laws and regulations. Issues specific to migrant workers, who are primarily agricultural workers, are also discussed.
Chapter 6 reviews child labor laws and regulations in the United States and their implementation and enforcement. The chapter deals primarily with federal laws and regulations. A thorough review of state laws was beyond the scope of this report; some state laws are presented as examples of approaches to regulating child labor. This chapter also presents information on some educational and training programs that are aimed at improving health and safety for young people at work. A thorough review of the issues involved in school-to-work transition would require a report unto itself (see, for example, National Research Council, 1994); the committee confined its review primarily to health and safety issues involved in the recent school-to-work programs instituted under the 1994 School-to-Work Opportunities Act.
Chapter 7 presents the committee's recommendations.