. "2 Scope and Patterns of Work by Children and Adolescents." Protecting Youth at Work: Health, Safety, and Development of Working Children and Adolescents in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 1998.
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Protecting Youth at Work: Health, Safety, and Development of Working Children and Adolescents in the United States
different effects than working many hours for many months. Few surveys collect adequate details about these facets of work. The manner in which data are collected in the CPS also makes it difficult to distinguish work during the school year from work during summer months.
WHERE YOUNG PEOPLE WORK
As shown in Figure 2-3, more than one-half of 15-to 17-year-olds are employed in the retail sector (e.g., restaurants, grocery stores, other retail stores) and more than one-quarter work in the service sector (e.g., recreation, health, education). Agriculture is the next largest employer of this age group, employing 8 percent of them. Restaurants employ more young people (28 percent) than any other industry. These patterns vary somewhat by age, with more than
FIGURE 2-3 Working adolescents aged 15 to 17, by industry (in percent). Source: Data from 1996 Current Population Survey March Supplement.