Study

Population/Source

Sample

Stueland et al., 1996

under 18 year olds living on farms in central Wisconsin/Medical records from 5/90 through 4/92

60 injured farm children

a First percentage is for males, second is for females. Each interviewee could give up to 3 types of work so total adds to more than 100 percent.

(103,000) of those injuries were identified as work-related (H.B. Weiss et al., 1997). In comparison, 15 percent of the emergency department visits by 18-to 20-year-olds for injuries were identified as work-related. No place of injury was recorded for 19 percent of the emergency department visits by 15-to 17-year-olds, some of which may have been work-related injuries. A Massachusetts study based on emergency-department data collected in the early 1980s found that 7 percent to 13 percent of all medically treated injuries among 14-to 17-year-olds were work-related. For 17-year-olds, the estimate for work-related injuries (where the locations at which injuries occurred were known) was as high as 26 percent and exceeded the proportion of injuries attributed to motor vehicles or to sports (Brooks et al., 1993). The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), in collaboration with the Consumer Product Safety Commission, has used data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) to assess the scope of the problem. NIOSH reports that in 1992 an estimated 64,100 adolescents, aged 14 to 17, required treatment in emergency departments for work-related injuries (Layne et al., 1994). Research suggests that only one-third of work-related injuries are treated in emergency departments (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1983; unpublished tabulations, Occupational Supplement, 1988 National Health Interview Survey). Applying this figure to the NEISS findings, NIOSH has estimated that 200,000 adolescents are injured on the



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