occurred among 16-and 17-year-olds, but younger workers accounted for a substantial proportion (40 percent) of those killed, and 19 percent of the victims were younger than 14. Approximately 90 percent of youths killed at work were males, which is similar to the findings for adults (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1996; Castillo and Malit, 1997; Castillo et al., 1994; Cooper and Rothstein, 1995; Derstine, 1996; Dunn and Runyan, 1993).

In 1992–1995, employment in agriculture accounted for the largest proportion (40 percent) of youngsters' work-related fatalities; more than half of these children worked on family farms (Derstine, 1996). Among youth under the age of 16, employment in family agricultural businesses accounted for 71 percent of fatalities in agriculture. Among 16-to 17-year-olds, deaths occurred somewhat more frequently in retail trades (28 percent of the work-related deaths in this age group) than in agriculture (26 percent). Deaths in the construction industry were also relatively frequent among the older adolescents, accounting for 15 percent of work-related deaths. Figure 3-3 shows work-related deaths, by industry, for workers 17 and younger.

FIGURE 3-3 Work-related deaths of children 17 and younger, by industry. SOURCE: Data from Derstine (1996).



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