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Box I.3.1
Atmospheric Science Recommendations

Imperatives for Atmospheric Research

1. Optimize and integrate atmospheric and other Earth observation, analysis, and modeling systems.

2. Develop new observation capabilities for resolving critical variables on time and space scales relevant to forecasts of significant atmospheric phenomena.

Recommendations for Atmospheric Resarch

• Resolve and model interactions at the boundaries between the atmosphere and other Earth system components, and interactions within the atmosphere among phenomena of different scales;

• Apply the discipline of forecasting in atmospheric chemistry, climate, and space weather research in order to advance knowledge, capabilities for prediction, and service to society.

• Develop collaborative studies of three emerging issues: (1) climate, weather, and health; (2) climate change implications for water resource management; and (3) implications of rapidly increasing atmospheric emissions.

for the discipline, and recommends a scientific and programmatic agenda for the decade or two ahead based on an evaluation of priorities within the discipline.

Each of these Assessments cites the critical role of comprehensive and integrated observations in research and applications, leading to BASC's identification of two imperatives concerning observations as the highest-priority endeavors for the atmospheric sciences and services. In addition, three recommendations for research also emerge from these studies. They are stated in brief form in Box I.3.1.

This section discusses the highest-priority imperatives and recommendations for atmospheric research in greater detail, first stating the imperative or recommendation and then providing its justification. Section 4 of Part I addresses some of the leadership and management issues that should be considered in shaping the financial and infrastructural agendas for atmospheric sciences.

Atmospheric Science Imperative 1:
Optimize and Integrate Observation Capabilities

The atmospheric science community and relevant federal agencies should develop a specific plan for optimizing global observations of the atmosphere, oceans, and land. This plan should take into account requirements for monitoring weather, climate, and air quality and for providing the information needed to improve predictive numerical mod-

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