Page 339

APPENDIXES



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 339
Page 339 APPENDIXES

OCR for page 339

OCR for page 339
Page 341 APPENDIX A ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS ACE Aerosol Characterization Experiment ACE-1 (Southern Hemisphere Marine) Aerosol Characterization Experiment ACRIM Active Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitor ADEOS Advanced Earth Observing System AF Air Force AMIP Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project AMS American Meteorological Society AOML Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory AOT aerosol optical thickness ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (Program) ASOS Automated Surface Observation System AVHRR Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (satellite instrument) AWIPS Automated Weather Interactive Processing System BASC Board on Atmospheric Science and Climate CAAA-90 Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 CAAI Committee on Atmospheric Applications and Information CAPE convective available potential energy CAPS Center for the Analysis and Prediction of Storms CASH Commercial Aviation Sensing Humidity (Program)

OCR for page 339
Page 342 CASR Committee on Atmospheric Services and Research CBL convective boundary layer CCM Community Climate Model CCN cloud condensation nuclei CDNC cloud droplet number concentration CEDAR Coupling, Energetics, and Dynamics of Atmospheric Regions CEES Committee on Earth and Environmental Sciences CENR Committee on Environment and Natural Resources CERN Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire CFC chlorofluorocarbon CLIVAR Climate Variability and Prediction Program CME coronal mass ejection COARE Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Response Experiment (TOGA) COMET Cooperative Program for Operational Meteorology, Education, and Training CSSP Committee on Solar and Space Physics CSTR Committee on Solar-Terrestrial Research Dec-Cen climate variability on decade-to-century time scales (WCRP) DIAL differential absorption lidar DMS dimethyl sulfide DOC U.S. Department of Commerce DOD U.S. Department of Defense DOE U.S. Department of Energy DOI U.S. Department of the Interior DU Dobson unit EMEP Cooperative Programme for the Monitoring and Evaluation of Long Range Air Pollutants in Europe ENSO El Niño/Southern Oscillation EOS Earth Observing System EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ERBE Earth Radiation Budget Experiment ERS-1 European Remote Sensing Satellite EUV extreme ultraviolet FAA Federal Aviation Administration FCCSET Federal Coordinating Council for Science, Engineering, and Technology FY Fiscal Year GCM general circulation model GCOS global climate observing system

OCR for page 339
Page 343 GDP Gross Domestic Product GEM Geospace Environment Modeling GEWEX Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment GISS Goddard Institute for Space Studies GLOBE Global Learning and Observing to Benefit the Environment GOALS Global Ocean-Atmosphere-Land System GOES Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite GONG Global Oscillation Network Group GPS global positioning system GTS global telecommunication system HCFC hydrochlorofluorocarbon HF high frequency HIS high-resolution interferometer sounder ICAS Interdepartmental Committee for Atmospheric Sciences IGAC International Global Atmospheric Chemistry (project) IMF interplanetary magnetic field IN ice nucleus IOM Institute of Medicine IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IS incoherent scatter ISCCP International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project JMA Japan Meteorological Agency KPNO Kitt Peak National Observatory LAWS Laser Atmospheric Wind Sounder LEARN Laboratory Experience in Atmospheric Research at NCAR LES large eddy simulation LTER Long-Term Ecological Research MBA masters of business administration MCS mesoscale convective system MF medium frequency MPP massively parallel processor MRF Medium-Range Forecasting MST mesosphere-stratosphere-troposphere MUF maximum usable frequency NAAQS National Ambient Air Quality Standard NAE National Academy of Engineering

OCR for page 339
Page 344 NARSTO North American Research Strategy on Troposphere Ozone NAS National Academy of Sciences NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NCAR National Center for Atmospheric Research NCEP National Centers for Environmental Prediction NCLAN National Crop Loss Assessment Network NCTM National Council of Teachers of Mathematics NDSC Network for Detection of Stratospheric Change NESDIS National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service NEXRAD Next Generation Weather Radar NHC nonmethane hydrocarbon NIMBUS series of experimental environmental research satellites NMC National Meteorological Center NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NRC National Research Council NSF National Science Foundation NSTC National Science and Technology Council NSWP National Space Weather Program NWP numerical weather prediction NWS National Weather Service OFCM Office of the Federal Coordinator for Meteorology ONR Office of Naval Research OSSE observing system simulation experiment OSTP Office of Science and Technology Policy PCB polychlorinated biphenyl PM particulate matter PSC polar stratospheric cloud QBO quasi-biennial oscillation RASS radioacoustic sounding system RISE Radiative Inputs of the Sun to Earth SAGE Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment SAR Subcommittee on Atmospheric Research SBUV Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet Spectrometer SEASAT sea satellite (U.S. oceanographic satellite) SEP solar energetic particle SGS subgrid scale SMM Solar Maximum Mission

OCR for page 339
Page 345 SOHO Solar and Heliospheric Observatory SSM/I Special Sensor Microwave/Imager SST sea surface temperature SSTA sea surface temperature anomoly STE stratosphere-troposphere exchange SUNRISE Sun's Radiative Inputs from Sun to Earth Program TAO Tropical Atmosphere Ocean (array) (TOGA) TOGA Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere (program) TOMS Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer TRMM Tropical Rainfall Measurement Mission UARS Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite UAV unmanned aerospace vehicle UCAR University Corporation for Atmospheric Research UK United Kingdom UN United Nations USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture USGCRP U.S. Global Change Research Program USWRP U.S. Weather Research Program UV ultraviolet VLF very low frequency VOC volatile organic compound WCRP World Climate Research Programme WFO Weather Forecast Office WMO World Meteorological Organization WOCE World Ocean Circulation Experiment WSR-88D Weather Service Radar (U.S. National Weather Service) 1988 Doppler Weather Radar System WWW World Weather Watch (U.N.) WWW World Wide Web XBT expendable bathythermograph YMP CRAY supercomputer model