NRC's Mexico City Water Supply (1995) and Quality Criteria for Water Reuse (1982) committees and was a founding member of the Water Science and Technology Board.

MARK M. BENJAMIN earned a B.S. in chemical engineering from Carnegie-Mellon University and an M.S. in chemical engineering and a Ph.D. in civil engineering from Stanford University. He is currently a professor in the Department of Civil Engineering at the University of Washington. His research interests include aquatic chemistry, the structure and reactivity of natural organic matter, treatment of toxic metals in industrial and municipal wastewater, and the chemistry of corrosion in water treatment systems.

RICHARD J. BULL received his B.S. in pharmacology from the University of Washington and his Ph.D. in pharmacology from the University of California, San Francisco. He spent 14 years in Cincinnati, where his last position was as director of the Toxicology and Microbiology Division of the Environmental Protection Agency's Health Effects Research Laboratory. He spent 10 years on the faculty of the College of Pharmacy at Washington State University (1984-1994). In 1994, he moved to Battelle's Pacific Northwest Division, where he works in the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory of the Department of Energy. His research has remained in the area of health hazards associated with drinking water from a variety of sources. His most recent research deals with mechanisms of adverse effects that are induced by the haloacetate group of disinfectant by-products. Dr. Bull is an active member of several societies and has served on several NRC committees, including the Subcommittee on Disinfectants and the Committee on Recycling, Reuse, and Conservation in Water Management for Arid Areas.

BRUCE A. FOWLER earned a B.S. in fisheries/marine biology from the University of Washington and a Ph.D. in pathology from the University of Oregon. He directs the program in toxicology at the University of Maryland and is a professor in the Department of Pathology at the University of Maryland Medical School. Prior to 1987, he held the positions of senior staff fellow and research biologist at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences in North Carolina. He chaired the NRC Committee on Measuring Lead in Critical Populations and was a member of the Toxicology, Women in Science and Engineering, and the Biological Markers of Urinary Toxicology committees. He chaired the Maryland Governor's Council on Toxic Substances. He was Fulbright Fellow to the Karolinska Institute in 1994 and is the winner of the 1998 Society of Toxicology Colgate-Palmolive Visiting Professorship to the University of Washington in in vitro toxicology. His research interests include the ultrastructural/biochemical characterization of mechanisms of cell injury from exposure to trace metals in mammals and marine organisms in rela-



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