the regulations specify that reclaimed water must meet drinking water standards, be treated with activated carbon adsorption to remove organics, and have average TOC and total organic halogen (TOX) concentrations less than 5.0 mg/liter and 0.2 mg/liter, respectively. The rules also require that such systems undergo two years of full-scale operational testing.
The Florida Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) is currently refining the requirements for indirect potable reuse. The DEP is considering allowing streamlined pilot testing requirements for projects involving injection into formations of the Floridian and Biscayne aquifers where the TDS does not exceed 500 mg/liter. In addition, the average and maximum TOC limits may be reduced to 3 mg/liter and 5 mg/liter, respectively. Strict limits on TOC and TOX that are currently applicable only to high-quality (TDS < 500 mg/liter) portions of the Floridian and Biscayne aquifers may be extended to a wider range of injection applications.
Arizona's water reclamation and reuse regulations specifically prohibit the use of reclaimed water for direct human consumption (State of Arizona, 1991). Ground water recharge projects are regulated by the Arizona Department of Environmental Quality (ADEQ) and the Arizona Department of Water Resources (ADWR).
In general, ADEQ regulates ground water quality and ADWR manages ground water supply. These agencies require several different permits for any ground water recharge project. A ground water recharge project must obtain an aquifer protection permit from ADEQ. Additionally, both the owner of the wastewater treatment plant that provides the reclaimed water for ground water recharge and the owner or operator of the ground water recharge project that uses the reclaimed water must obtain permits from the ADWR before any reclaimed water can be recharged (Arizona Department of Water Resources, 1995). A single permit may be issued if the same applicant applies for both permits and the permits are sought for facilities located in a contiguous geographic area.
To obtain an aquifer protection permit from ADEQ, the recharge project applicant must demonstrate that the project will not cause or contribute to a violation of an aquifer water quality standard. If aquifer water quality standards are already being violated in the receiving aquifer, the permit applicant must demonstrate that the ground water recharge project will not further degrade aquifer water quality. All aquifers in Arizona currently are classified for drinking water use, and the state has adopted National Primary Drinking Water Maximum Contami-