• Models. Promising modeling approaches are described in Chapter 5; they include models that incorporate environmental variability (e.g., ENSO events) into fishery models, multispecies models, and trophic models. These models need further development, testing, analysis, and calibration to varying degrees. Indeed, one of their greatest values is in directing and clarifying research needs. Models can also be used strategically by managers to add an ecosystem perspective to their annual decision making.
  • Socioeconomic information. Basic social and economic information is needed on all aspects of fishing and the people who engage in it. Much information is needed on the effects and effectiveness of various forms of rights-based management approaches and other management regimes, the way people behave in response to different economic and social incentives, and on barriers to cooperation and sharing of information. The committee particularly recommends research into the concept of virtual communities described in Chapter 5.

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