Wildlife Foundation in Washington, D.C. His past employment and research have focused on economics and statistics.

Frederick Grassle earned a Ph.D. in zoology from Duke University. Dr. Grassle is Professor of Marine and Coastal Sciences and Director of the Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences of Rutgers University. His research focuses on marine benthic organisms, populations and ecosystem processes in estuarine, coral reef, continental shelf, and deep-sea environments.

Eileen Hofmann earned her Ph.D. in Marine Sciences and Engineering at North Carolina State University. She is a Professor in the Department of Oceanography at Old Dominion University. Dr. Hofmann's research includes analysis and modeling of biological and physical interactions in marine ecosystems and descriptive physical oceanography.

Edward Houde earned his Ph.D. in fisheries science from Cornell University. He is Professor at the Chesapeake Biology Laboratory of the University of Maryland. Dr. Houde's research includes ecology and developmental biology of fish eggs and larvae, assessment of pelagic resource abundance, recruitment processes, and factors leading to fluctuations in fish stock abundances.

Simon Levin earned his Ph.D. from the University of Maryland. Dr. Levin is the George M. Moffett Professor of Biology and the Director of the Princeton Environmental Initiative at Princeton University. His research focuses on theoretical ecology; mathematical and computational models of ecological and evolutionary processes; and terrestrial, intertidal, and marine ecosystems.

Jane Lubchenco earned her Ph.D. in ecology from Harvard University. Dr. Lubchenco is Wayne and Gladys Valley Professor of Marine Biology at Oregon State University, as well as a Research Associate of the Smithsonian Institution. She is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and is past president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Her research focuses on population and community ecology, marine ecology, algal ecology, algal life histories, and chemical ecology.

John Magnuson serves as professor of zoology and director of the Center for Limnology at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. He earned his Ph.D. in zoology from the University of British Columbia and BSc and Msc. from the University of Minnesota. His research interests include long-term regional ecological of aquatic systems, climate-change effects on lake



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