Bycatch, 9, 21, 23, 41-43, 81-84, 123

Bycatch-reduction devices (BRDs), 9, 83

Bythrotrepes cederstroemi, 58

C

CALFED, 62

California Cooperative Oceanic Fisheries Investigation (CalCOFI), 108, 115

Canadian Atlantic Fisheries Scientific Advisory Committee (CAFSAC), 33-34

Canadian Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO), 101

Canadian marine fisheries, 33-35

Cancer magister, 61

Capacity. See Fishing capacity

Capelin, 45

Capital stuffing, 73-74

Carcinogenic compounds, 57-58

Carcinus maenas, 60

Catchability, nonuniformity of, 65

Catches. See Global marine catches

Catch rates, efforts to maintain, 1

Central Valley Project Improvement Act, 62

Chesapeake Bay, 55-57, 80

Chesapeake Bay Program (CBP), 54

Chilean Inca scad, 27

Chilean sardine, 27

Chilean sea bass, 47

Chinook salmon, 62

Chub mackerel, 27

Clupea harengus, 27, 45, 98

C. pallasi, 61-62, 98

Cod, 11, 45

Code of Conduct, 121

Cod war, 11

Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fisheries Commission, 31

Comanagement programs, 67, 99

Commercial fisheries, 3, 29

landings in United States, 3-4, 30

Committee on Ecosystem Management for Sustainable Marine Fisheries, 2, 12

directions to, 2, 12

Common stake, 70

Community-based management, 8, 97, 99-104

experimental approaches to, 8

Community-based quotas, 10

Community Development Quota Program, 32

Community-development quotas (CDQs), 67, 102, 125

Conclusions, 5-6, 117-118

Conference on Stradding Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks, 121

Conservation. See Resource conservation

Continental shelf ecosystems, 119

Continuous Plankton Recorder Survey, 108, 115

Conveyor-belt, 52

Coral reef ecosystems, 119

effects of fishing on, 4, 38, 40-41

Coregonus clupeaformis, 57

Coriolis force effects, 53

Crangon franciscorum, 60-61

Crassostrea virginica, 60

Crustaceans, 60-61

planktonic, 47

Cyanide fishing, 40-41

Cynoscion nebulosus, 31, 41

D

Data collection and exchange, 9, 107-109, 112, 125

Deep-sea fisheries, 48-49.

See also Open ocean ecosystems

Delta smelt, 62

Diadema antillarum, 38, 40

Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), banning of, 58

Dinoflagellate, 56

Discards, 9, 21, 23, 41-43, 83-84, 123

Discount rate, 72-73

Dissostichus eleginoides, 47

Dolphins, 12, 43

Dreissena polymorpha, 58

Dungeness crab, 61

Dynamite fishing, 41

E

Ecological Applications, 12

Economic incentives, 104

Economic productivity, 12-13, 72-76

acceptable levels of, 2

defined, 2n

global, 20-22

Ecosystem-based management, 2-6, 9, 15, 113-120

defined, 15

suggestion for action, 114-116

Ecosystem components, nonfished, 118



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