TABLE 2-1 Comparison of U.S. Recreational and Commercial Catches for Selected Species in 1994

Fish Species

Recreational Catch (t x 1,000)

Commercial Catch (t x 1,000)

Bluefish (Pomatomus saltatrix)



Red snapper (Lutjanus campechanus)



Spotted seatrout (Cynoscion nebulosus)



Summer flounder (Paralichthys dentatus)



Winter flounder (Pleuronectes americanus)



to the United States and a few other industrialized nations (e.g., New Zealand),although the growth of ecotourism could create commercial-recreational fishery conflicts in industrializing nations.

Indigenous People's Fisheries

Indigenous people's fisheries are a minor part of total catches but are particularly important in cultural and social terms. Indigenous marine fisheries in the United States—primarily in Washington, Oregon, California (NRC 1996b), and Alaska—are subject to treaties between the United States and tribal groups. Tribal fisheries for salmon include commercial, ceremonial, and subsistence uses. The Northwest Indian Fisheries Commission handles treaty rights related to salmon in the Puget Sound area. The Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fisheries Commission represents four tribes in the Columbia River basin of Oregon. Fishing by three tribes in the Klamath River Basin in California is not protected by treaty, but 50 percent of Klamath River chinook salmon are allocated to these tribes by government regulation (NMFS 1996a). The Pacific Fisheries Management Council, as well as its Scientific and Technical Committee and its Salmon Technical Team, have Native American tribal representatives. There is also a Native American allocation for sablefish (Anoplopoma fimbria) off the coast of Washington. For communities in western Alaska, which are largely populated by Alaska natives, Section 305 of the Magnuson Fishery and Conservation Act and Section 111 of

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