cluded in the definitions of ''gender," "environment," and "susceptibility." The committee made recommendations in three general areas:

  1. Research on exposures to include a broader definition of terms; more occupational data elements; multiple-exposure data; research across lifespans and during critical periods; development of animal models; and identification of cultural and historical factors.

  2. Basic research to include studies on environmental contributions and biological causes for gender differences; gender differences in disease outcomes; metabolic and hormonal differences; genetic markers of susceptibility; and translational research.

  3. Research policy to include presenting annual workshops; fostering institutional changes; increasing the number of sponsoring agencies; funding long-term prospective studies; encouraging public and private cofunding; improving access to and content of national databases; and devising strategies for research resource protection and utilization.

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