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Gender Differences in Susceptibility to Environmental Factors: A Priority Assessment - Workshop Report
Eula Bingham, Ph.D., is a professor in the Department of Environmental Health at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine. She was vice president for research at the University of Cincinnati for nine years. Dr. Bingham served as assistant secretary of labor for occupational safety and health in the Carter Administration. She has done research in chemical carcinogenesis and toxicology and is currently involved in research on surveillance methodologies for construction workers in the nuclear industry. Dr. Bingham has been a leader in policy development to protect women from discrimination based on hazardous workplace exposures. She currently serves as chair of the Board of Scientific Counselors for the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry and chair of the Department of VA's Persian Gulf Advisory Committee. Dr. Bingham is also a member of the National Toxicology Program Board and the IOM.
Kim Boekelheide, Ph.D., is professor of pathology and laboratory medicine at the Brown University School of Medicine. He received his B.A. from Harvard University and M.D. and Ph.D. from Duke University. His research has examined fundamental molecular mechanisms by which toxicants induce testicular injury. Current projects include an assessment of cytoskeletal perturbation in testicular injury and the biological basis of irreversible testicular atrophy, focusing on pathways of germ cell apoptosis. He has been continuously funded by the NIEHS since 1985 and has received several awards, including a Burroughs Wellcome Toxicology Scholar Award (1994–1999). He has served as a member (1990–1995) and Chair (1993–1995) of the Toxicology Study Section of the Division of Research Grants, NIH.
Denise Faustman, M.D., Ph.D., is associate professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School and director of the immunobiology laboratory at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH). She earned her M.D. and Ph.D. at Washington University School of Medicine. She did her internal medicine and endocrinology training at MGH, where she currently directs the immunobiology laboratory. Her research focuses on transplantation, autoimmunity, and the disparity in the incidence of autoimmune diseases between men and women. Dr. Faustman is the author of many articles in Science and PNAS and in 1991 presented data implicating the antigen-presenting cells of peripheral blood as the "bad" eductor cells in most autoimmune diseases. This year, she identified a new mutation that may be central in the gender-controlled expression of disease.
Stephen H. Safe, D.Phil., is a distinguished professor in the Department of Veterinary Physiology and Pharmacology at Texas A&M University. He received his B.Sc. and M.Sc. at Queen's University in Canada and a D.Phil. from Oxford University in England. His research is focused on several areas, including biochemical, toxic, and genotoxic responses of halogenated and polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons; the adverse effects of endocrine-disrupting compounds; the regulation of estrogen-induced gene expression and crosstalk with AH receptors; and the development of AH receptor-based drugs for breast cancer treat-