Appendixes



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--> Appendixes

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--> Contributors VICKI M. BIER is an associate professor with a joint appointment in the Departments of Industrial Engineering and Engineering Physics at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. Dr. Bier has also spent a year as a visiting professor in the Chemical and Nuclear Engineering Department at the University of Maryland and has worked for more than 10 years as a consultant with PLG, Inc., and Arthur D. Little, Inc. She has participated in risk analyses of a wide variety of complex engineered systems in both the United States and Europe, including nuclear power plants, chemical and petrochemical facilities, and the space shuttle. She has a Ph.D. in operations research from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. PHILIP M. CONDIT is chairman and CEO of the Boeing Company, the largest aerospace business in the world. He leads more than 235,000 Boeing people who develop, manufacture and support a wide variety of commercial aircraft, space systems, military aircraft, information systems, missiles and defense-electronics products. Boeing, the world's largest NASA contractor and largest manufacturer of both commercial and military aircraft, has customers in 145 countries; operations and facilities in 27 U.S. states and in several other nations. Dr. Condit joined Boeing in 1965 as an aerodynamics engineer on the Supersonic Transport program, and worked on the 707, 727, 737, 747, 757, 767, and 777 in various engineering, sales, marketing, and management positions. He has served in several executive positions in the Commercial Airplane Group, including executive vice president and general manager of the Group's 777 Division. There he involved customers, employees, and suppliers in a precedent-setting "working together" process to design and produce Boeing's 777 airplane. Dr. Condit earned a B.S. in mechanical engineering from the University of California at Berkeley in 1963 and holds M.A. degrees in aeronautical engineering and management from Princeton University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, respectively. In May 1996, he was awarded an honorary doctorate from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. He received a doctorate in engineering from Science University in Tokyo in 1997. Dr. Condit is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, a fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, a fellow of the Royal Aeronautical Society, and a member of the Society of Automotive Engineers. He serves on numerous advisory bodies and boards

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--> of directors. In 1997, he was named Chief Executive Officer of the Year by his peers in an annual award given by Financial World magazine. AKASH R. DESHPANDE is a research engineer with the California Partners for Advanced Transit and Highways (PATH) program of the University of California, Berkeley. At PATH, Dr. Deshpande's main work consists of research on analysis and design tools for automated highway systems. He is also the co-founder of Amravan Group, a consulting and product development company based in Berkeley. Previously, he worked as a project manager and senior engineer at TCSI Corp., Berkeley, and as a member of the technical staff at AT&T. Dr. Deshpande has a B. Tech. in electrical engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay; an M.S. in electrical and computer engineering from the University of Florida, Gainesville; and a Ph.D. in electrical engineering and computer sciences from the University of California, Berkeley. AVRAM ALLAN EDIDIN is staff scientist and advanced technology manager for new technology and business development at Osteonics Corp. in Allendale, New Jersey. Dr. Edidin joined Osteonics as a research analyst in 1991 and was manager of international scientific affairs and staff scientist before assuming his current position. He did his graduate studies in the Cornell Hospital for Special Surgery Program in Biomechanical Engineering in Ithaca and New York City, receiving a Ph.D. from Cornell University in 1991. JANIE M. FOUKE is division director for bioengineering and environmental systems at the National Science Foundation (NSF). She is serving at NSF while on leave from Case Western Reserve University, where she has been on the faculty in the Department of Biomedical Engineering since 1981. Dr. Fouke's research interests are in respiratory mechanics and instrumentation for the evaluation of the lungs. Instrumentation that she has built has been critical to the understanding of the etiology of airway diseases such as asthma and the pulmonary effects of such things as environmental pollutants. Dr. Fouke has graduate degrees in biomedical mathematics and engineering from the University of North Carolina. FARSHID GUILAK is an assistant professor at Duke University with joint appointments in the Departments of Surgery, Biomedical Engineering, and Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science. His current research is on the biomechanics of the musculoskeletal system, with an emphasis on the fields of cell mechanics and tissue engineering. Dr. Guilak received a B.S. in biomedical engineering from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI) in 1985 and an M.S. in the same field, also from RPI, in 1987. He continued his graduate work in mechanical engineering at Columbia University, focusing on

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--> the biomechanics of articular cartilage. After earning a Ph.D. in 1992, Dr. Guilak took a faculty position at the State University of New York at Stony Brook, then moved to Duke University in 1994 to head the Orthopaedic Bioengineering Laboratory. KATHRYN T. HEIMERMAN is a member of the senior research staff at the MITRE Corp., a non-profit, federally funded research and development center. Dr. Heimerman's research is sponsored by the Federal Aviation Administration and is focused on advanced aviation systems development as well as modeling and simulation of the national airspace system. Before joining MITRE, she published technical studies at the non-profit Center for Naval Analyses. Dr. Heimerman has worked at GTE, where she conducted advanced network planning for the US Sprint telecommunications network by evaluating the feasibility and impact of fiber-optic technology deployment strategies. She has an M.S. in operations research and statistics from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and a Ph.D. in industrial engineering and operations research from the University of Massachusetts. ANGELA LOCASCIO is a senior staff engineer at Motorola's Corporate Manufacturing Research Center, where she develops methods to improve decision making related to product design and manufacture. Dr. Locascio's research interests are focused on design economics, engineering decision making, and multicriteria optimization. Prior to joining Motorola, she was a research assistant and fellow at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, where she earned an M.S. and Ph.D. in mechanical engineering. HARRY E. MARTZ is the nondestructive evaluation (NDE) thrust area research leader in the Engineering Department at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Dr. Martz's current interests include the research, development, and application of noninvasive X- and gamma-ray computed tomography to better understand material properties and for assaying radioactive waste forms. He is responsible for leading the research and development efforts on different NDE methods, including X- and gamma-ray digital radiography and computed tomography, visual and infrared imaging, laser ultrasonics, micropower impulse radar imaging, and signal and image processing algorithm development. Dr. Martz has applied computed tomography to the inspection of automobile and aircraft components, reactor-fuel tubes, high explosives, shape charges, dinosaur eggs, concrete, composites, and waste-drum contents. He has master's and Ph.D. degrees in nuclear physics, both from Florida State University. ANGELA L. MORAN is an associate professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the United States Naval Academy. For 10 years prior

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--> to joining the Naval Academy in 1993, Dr. Moran was a materials engineer and the spray forming technology group leader in the physical metallurgy branch at the David Taylor Research Center in Annapolis, Maryland. She has master's and Ph.D. degrees in materials science and engineering, both from The Johns Hopkins University. In 1991, she was selected Most Outstanding Female Engineer in the Federal Government, and in 1994, she was selected as Maryland's Outstanding Young Engineer. In 1996, she was the recipient of a Ford Research Labs Recognition Grant for Manufacturing Excellence. KENT A. MURPHY is president and co-founder of F&S, Inc. in Blacksburg, Virginia, and an associate professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering at Virginia Polytechnic Institute (VPI). F&S has grown during the last 2 years from 3 to 35 full-time employees and has over $15 million in development contracts and manufacturing orders. F&S has also sponsored research projects at VPI totaling more than $3 million. Dr. Murphy received a B.S. in engineering science and mechanics and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in electrical engineering, all from VPI. BABATUNDE A. OGUNNAIKE is a research fellow in the advanced control and optimization group of DuPont Central Science and Engineering and an adjunct professor in the Chemical Engineering Department at the University of Delaware. Before joining DuPont in 1989, Dr. Ogunnaike was a professor at the University of Lagos in Nigeria, holding joint appointments in the Chemical Engineering and Statistics Departments. Prior to that, he was a research engineer with the process control group of the Shell Development Corp. Dr. Ogunnaike is the co-author of a widely used textbook, Process Dynamics, Modeling and Control (Oxford University Press, 1994). His research interests include modeling and control of polymer reactors, identification and control of nonlinear systems, applied statistics, and reverse engineering biological control systems for process applications. Dr. Ogunnaike has an M.S. in statistics and a Ph.D. in chemical engineering, both from the University of Wisconsin, Madison. CHRISTOPHER M. POE is an associate research engineer and director of the TransLink Research Center at the Texas Transportation Institute, College Station, Texas. TransLink is a national, multimodal, public-private partnership focused on the application of advanced technologies and operating strategies for next-generation transportation management. Mr. Poe is responsible for the administration and is technical director of the center's $13 million, 5-year research program Translink, so named because it focuses on linking various elements of the transportation system to form one integrated, cooperative transportation management system. He is finishing his doctoral degree at Pennsylvania State University, where he has led research efforts to study the

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--> relationship between vehicle operating speeds and roadway geometric design in low-speed urban areas. TIMOTHY RAYNER is the noninvasive quadrupole resonance group leader at Quantum Magnetics, where he leads several projects involving the development of large-scale quadrupole resonance (QR) based scanning instruments and other applications. Dr. Rayner is currently working on low-frequency QR detectors for contraband and explosive materials and is actively involved in defining the role of Quantum Magnetics in the development of noninvasive security devices. He has designed and built a low-inductance, high-homogeneity electromagnet for use in a fast-field cycling magnetic resonance (MR) spectrometer and the world's fastest mechanical sample shuttle double resonance MR spectrometer. Dr. Rayner has a Ph.D. from King's College in London. ANNA C. THORNTON is an assistant professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). After receiving a Ph.D. from Cambridge University, Dr. Thornton joined the mechanical engineering faculty at MIT as a half-time lecturer for 18 months. During that period, she gained practical experience at Polaroid Corp. as a design engineer and with Concentra Corp. in design software development. In 1995, Dr. Thornton was appointed to an assistant professor position. Her research includes work with the Fast and Flexible Manufacturing Project, Leaders for Manufacturing, Lean Aircraft Iniative, and the Center for Innovation in Product Development. The goal of her work is to develop computational tools and formalized methods to assist in the design process. MARJOLEIN C. H. VAN DER MEULEN is an assistant professor in the Sibley School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at Cornell University, a position she assumed in July 1996. She also has an appointment as an assistant scientist in the Department of Biomechanics and Biomaterials at the Hospital for Special Surgery of Cornell Medical Center in New York City. Prior to this, she was a biomedical engineer in the Rehabilitation R&D Center of the Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center in Palo Alto, California. Dr. van der Meulen received an S.B. in mechanical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and an M.S. and Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from Stanford University. Her research interests are in orthopaedic biomechanics, focusing on skeletal functional adaptation to mechanical loading and bone structural behavior.

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--> Program National Academy of Engineering THIRD ANNUAL SYMPOSIUM ON FRONTIERS OF ENGINEERING September 18–20, 1997 BIOMECHANICS Organizers: Paul Nielan and Sheri Sheppard Overview Janie M. Fouke, National Science Foundation Biomechanics of Cells and Cell-Matrix Interactions Farshid Guilak, Duke University Mechanical Influences on Bone Development and Adaptation Marjolein C. H. van der Meulen, Cornell University Implant Design and Technology Avram Allan Edidin, Osteonics Corporation SENSORS AND CONTROL FOR MANUFACTURING PROCESSES Organizers: Richard Parnas and Shawn Walsh Emerging Control Structures Angela L. Moran, U.S. Naval Academy Design and Applications of Optical Fiber Sensors Kent A. Murphy, F&S, Inc. and Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Process Control for Chemical Production:An Industrial Success Story Babatunde A. Ogunnaike, DuPont Central Research and Development

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--> SAFETY AND SECURITY ISSUES Organizers: Daniel Hastings and Elsa Reichmanis Air Traffic Control Modeling Kathryn T. Heimerman, The MITRE Corporation Quadrupole Resonance Explosive Detection Systems Timothy Rayner, Quantum Magnetics The Role of Nondestructive Evaluation in Life-Cycle Management Harry E. Martz, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Challenges of Probabilistic Risk Analysis Vicki M. Bier, University of Wisconsin, Madison DECISION-MAKING TOOLS FOR DESIGN AND MANUFACTURING Organizers: Charlotte Chen-Tsai and Deborah Thurston Variation Risk Management in Product Development Anna C. Thornton, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Multicriteria Evaluation of Manufacturing Performance Angela Locascio, Motorola Corporate Manufacturing Research Center INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS Organizers: Connie Gutowski and Gene Hawkins Intelligent Information for Transportation Management Christopher M. Poe, Texas Transportation Institute, Texas A&M University Automated Highway Systems Akash R. Deshpande, California Partners for Advanced Transit and Highways University of California, Berkeley WRAP-UP SESSION Organizers: Susan Corwin, Robert Wagoner, and Connie Gutowski DINNER SPEECH Working Together in the Twenty-First Century Philip M. Condit, The Boeing Company

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--> Participants National Academy of Engineering THIRD ANNUAL SYMPOSIUM ON FRONTIERS OF ENGINEERING September 18–20, 1997 Pedro J. Alvarez Associate Professor Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering University of Iowa Frances H. Arnold Professor Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering California Institute of Technology Vicki M. Bier Associate Professor Dept. of Mechanical Engineering University of Wisconsin, Madison Christina L. Bloebaum Associate Professor Dept. of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering State University of New York, Buffalo Grigore C. Burdea Associate Professor Electrical and Computer Engineering Dept. Rutgers University Karen L. Butler Assistant Professor Dept. of Electrical Engineering Texas A&M University Stephanie W. Butler Manager Advanced Process Control Branch Process Design and Control Laboratory Texas Instruments Inc. W. Craig Carter Research Scientist Ceramics Division National Institute of Standards and Technology Daniel T. Chen Group Leader/Sr. Research Engineer 3M Corporate Research 3M Wei Chen Assistant Professor Dept. of Mechanical Engineering Clemson University Charlotte Chen-Tsai Technology Manager, North America Alcoa Closure Systems International

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--> Yang-Tse Cheng Staff Research Scientist Physics and Physical Chemistry Dept. General Motors R&D Center General Motors Corporation Susan Corwin Director Computing Enhancement Architecture Lab Intel Corporation Pamela C. Cosman Assistant Professor Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of California, San Diego Richard H. Coulter Senior Engineer Raytheon Aircraft Company David O. Craig Staff Software Engineer Global Embedded and Production Solutions IBM Corporation Carolina Cruz-Neira Litton Assistant Professor Electrical and Computer Engineering Iowa State University Natacha DePaola Assistant Professor Biomedical Engineering Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Akash R. Deshpande Research Engineer California Partners for Advanced Transit and Highways University of California, Berkeley Timothy C. Dodge Staff Scientist Genencor International, Inc. Thomas M. Donnellan Manager of Structural Materials Northrop Grumman Corporation Paul D. Drumheller Biomedical Materials Engineer Gore Hybrid Technologies, Inc. Russell Durrett Group Leader Combustion Research Cummins Engine Company, Inc. Avram Allan Edidin Staff Scientist Manager, International Scientific Affairs Osteonics Corporation Elza Erkip Visiting Assistant Professor Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering Rice University Kenneth (Beau) R. Farmer II Associate Professor Dept. of Physics New Jersey Institute of Technology Conrad W. Felice Associate and Northwest Regional Manager Geotechnical Services Dames & Moore, Inc. Sharon Filipowski Math and Modeling Analyst The Boeing Company Janie M. Fouke Division Director Bioengineering and Environmental Systems National Science Foundation Ursula Gibson Associate Professor Thayer School of Engineering Dartmouth College Kenneth Y. Goldberg Associate Professor Industrial Engineering and Operations Research University of California, Berkeley

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--> Vincent G. Grassi Manager Process Modeling and Control Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. Farshid Guilak Assistant Professor, Orthopaedic Surgery Director, Orthopaedic Bioengineering Laboratory Duke University Medical Center Connie L. Gutowski Windstar Chassis Manager Ford Motor Company Daniel E. Hastings (unable to attend) Chief Scientist United States Air Force H. Gene Hawkins, Jr. Associate Research Engineer Texas Transportation Institute Texas A&M University Kathryn T. Heimerman Senior Research Staff Center for Advanced Aviation System Development The MITRE Corporation Jeffrey H. Helms Senior Technical Specialist Ford Motor Company Anne Hoger Associate Professor applied Mechanics and Engineering Sciences University of California, San Diego Robert D. Howe Associate Professor Division of Engineering and Applied Sciences Harvard University Shi-Ping Hsu Technical Fellow TRW Inc. David A. Lange Assistant Professor Dept. of Civil Engineering University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign Mark E. Lashier Olefins Manager Phillips Chemical Company Tod A. Laursen Assistant Professor Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering Duke University Adrienne Lavine Professor Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Dept. University of California, Los Angeles Meilin Liu Associate Professor School of Materials Science and Engineering Georgia Institute of Technology Angela Locascio Staff Engineer Motorola Corporate Manufacturing Research Center Motorola, Inc. Kathleen A. Mahoney Engineering Manager Eastman Kodak Company Mary C. Marshall Director Microcapsules, Coatings, and Polymers Dept. Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Division Southwest Research Institute Harry E. Martz, Jr. Nondestructive Evaluation Thrust Area and Research Leader NDE Characterization and Sensing Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

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--> James J. Mason Assistant Professor Dept. of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering University of Notre Dame David G. Matuska Project Manager High Speed Rotorcraft Technologies Sikorsky Aircraft Corp. Parviz Moin Professor Dept. of Mechanical Engineering Stanford University Angela L. Moran Associate Professor Dept. of Mechanical Engineering Division of Engineering and Weapons U.S. Naval Academy Paul R. Mort III Technology Leader Global Product Supply Engineering The Procter & Gamble Co. Kent A. Murphy President and Co-Founder F&S, Inc. Richard M. Murray Assistant Professor Division of Engineering and Applied Science California Institute of Technology Jun Ni Professor, Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics Director, Wu Manufacturing Research Center Director, NSF-I/UCR Center University of Michigan Robert G. Nichols Senior Staff Engineer Exxon Research and Engineering Company Paul Nielan Department Manager Solid and Material Mechanics Dept. Sandia National Laboratories Gregory P. Nordin Associate Professor Electrical and Computer Engineering Dept. University of Alabama Mary D. O'Neill Senior Development Engineer, Systems Raytheon E-Systems Babatunde A. Ogunnaike Research Fellow Central Research and Development E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co. Claudia P. Ostertag Assistant Professor Civil and Environmental Engineering Dept. University of California, Berkeley Mark A. Page Technical Program Manager Blended-Wing-Body McDonnell Douglas Aerospace-West Tina L. Panontin Leader Materials and Failure Analysis Group Systems Engineering Division NASA Ames Research Center Lucy Y. Pao Assistant Professor Electrical and Computer Engineering Dept. University of Colorado Richard S. Parnas Group Leader, Polymer Composites Polymers Division National Institute of Standards and Technology David R. Pehlke Research Scientist Rockwell Science Center Rockwell International Corporation Jorge A. Pita Research Engineering Advisor Mobil Technology Company

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--> Christopher M. Poe Director TransLink Research Center Texas Transportation Institute Texas A&M University V.C. Ramesh Assistant Professor Electrical and Computer Engineering Dept. Illinois Institute of Technology Ajay K. Rathi Senior R&D Program Manager Center for Transportation Analysis Oak Ridge National Laboratory Timothy Rayner Senior Scientist, NQR Group Leader Advanced Magnetic Systems Quantum Magnetics Elsa Reichmanis Head Polymer and Organic Materials Research Dept. Lucent Technologies Christopher Romero Technical Staff Member, Mechanical Engineer Experiment and Diagnostic Design Group Los Alamos National Laboratory Ross D. Schlueter Senior Staff Scientist Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory James G. Schroth Staff Research Engineer General Motors R&D Center General Motors Corporation Keith R. Sekera Manager Process Engineering Westinghouse Specialty Metals Jocelyn M. Seng Advanced Scientist Owens Corning Science and Technology Center Owens Corning Eva M. Sevick-Muraca Associate Professor School of Chemical Engineering Purdue University Perwez Shahabuddin Assistant Professor Dept. of Industrial Engineering and Operations Research Columbia University Sheri Sheppard Associate Professor Mechanical Engineering-Design Division Stanford University Christopher P. Silva Senior Member of Technical Staff The Aerospace Corporation Michael G. Spencer Professor, Electrical Engineering Director, Materials Science Center of Excellence Howard University Kay M. Stanney Associate Professor Industrial Engineering and Management Systems University of Central Florida J. Brent Staubach Research Project Engineer Pratt & Whitney Aircraft Norman L. Swenson Chief Engineer Advanced Communications Lockheed Martin Western Development Laboratories Lockheed Martin Corporation

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--> Anna C. Thornton Assistant Professor Dept. of Mechanical Engineering Massachusetts Institute of Technology Michael Thouless Associate Professor Dept. of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics University of Michigan Deborah L. Thurston Associate Professor Dept. of General Engineering University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign Sandra M. Troian Assistant Professor Dept. of Chemical Engineering Princeton University Michael Tsapatsis Assistant Professor Dept. of Chemical Engineering University of Massachusetts Marjolein C. H. van der Meulen Assistant Professor Dept. of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Cornell University Luis Fanor Vega Surface Treatments/Coatings Alcoa Technical Center Aluminum Company of America Shalini Venkatesh Hardware Design Engineer Hewlett-Packard Laboratories Hewlett-Packard Company Robert H. Wagoner Professor Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering Ohio State University Shawn M. Walsh Materials Engineer U.S. Army Research Laboratory Alex L. Wang Senior Research Engineer The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company Anthony J. Wasilewski Chief Scientist Digital Systems Scientific-Atlanta, Inc. Keith E. Wilkins Lead Engineer Structural Damage Technology Group The Boeing Company William L. Wilson Member of Technical Staff Photonics Materials Research Dept. Lucent Technologies Jennifer J. Zinck Senior Research Scientist Hughes Research Laboratories Hughes Electronics Corporation German-American Frontiers of Engineering Robert A. Brown, Co-Chair Dean of Engineering Massachusetts Institute of Technology Wolfram Boeck, Co-Chair Chair in Electrical Power and Systems Technology Technical University, Munich Hans-Jürgen P. Adler Institute for Macromolecular Chemistry and Textile Chemistry Technical University, Dresden Christina L. Bloebaum Associate Professor Dept. of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering State University of New York, Buffalo Robert Calderbank Vice President Information Sciences Research AT&T Labs - Research

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--> Joachim Hagenauer Chair in Communications Engineering Institute of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology Technical University, Munich Bernd Kröplin Institute for Statics and Dynamics in Aeronautic and Aerospace Technology University of Stuttgart Kam C. Lau President Automated Precision, Inc. Jan Lunze Research Area of Control Technology Technical University, Hamburg-Harburg Josef Rembser Director German-American Academic Council Foundation Matthew Tirrell Head, Dept. of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science Director, Biomedical Engineering Institute University of Minnesota Guest Speaker Philip M. Condit Chairman and CEO The Boeing Company Senior Engineer William F. Ballhaus, Sr. President International Numatics, Inc. Agency Reprsentatives William Butcher Senior Engineering Advisor Engineering Education and Centers Division National Science Foundation Arthur M. Diness Science and Engineering Counselor ODDR&E Research Office U.S. Department of Defense Mary Mitchell Senior Analyst National Institute of Standards and Technology National Research Council Norman Metzger Executive Director Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications National Research Council