6. Lightwood, J.M., and S.A. Glantz. Short-Term Economic and Health Benefits of Smoking Cessation: Myocardial Infarction and Stroke. Circulation 96:1089-1096, 1997.

7. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health. The Health Benefits of Smoking Cessation: A Report of the Surgeon General, 1990. Atlanta: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1990.

8. Murray, C.J.L., and A.D. Lopez, The Global Burden of Disease and Global Health Statistics, 1 and 2. Global Burden of Disease series. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1996.

9. As this report went to press, Senate bills addressing broad tobacco-related issues and introduced since announcement of the June 20, 1997, settlement included:

S. 1060 [http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d105:s.01060:], the Worldwide Tobacco Disclosure Act of 1997, introduced by Senator Lautenberg;

S. 1238 [http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d105:s.01238:], the Tobacco Use by Minors Deterrence Act of 1997, introduced by Senator Smith; the House companion measures are H.R. 2017 [http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d105:h.r.02017:] and 2034 [http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d105:h.r.02034:], introduced by Rep. Bishop;

S. 1310 [http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d105:s.01310:], the Long-Term Economic Assistance for Farmers (LEAF) Act, introduced by Senator Ford;

S. 1313 [http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d105:s.01313:], the Tobacco Transition Act, introduced by Senator Lugar;

S 1343 [http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d105:s.01343:], the Public Health and Education (PHAER) Act, introduced by Senator Lautenberg, with House companion measure H.R. 2764, introduced by Rep. Hansen;

S. 1411 [http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d105:s.01411:], which disallows a federal income tax deduction for payments from any settlement and channels funds to research, introduced by Senator Mack (this is separate from other measures introduced, and passed, to repeal a tax provision of the Balanced Budget Act of 1997);

S. 1414 [http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d105:s.01414:] and S. 1415 [http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d105:s.01415:], the Universal Tobacco Settlement Act, introduced by Senator McCain;

S. 1471 [http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d105:s.01471:], the Treatment of Tobacco Settlement Payments to States as Medicaid Overpayments Prohibition, introduced by Senator Graham, with House companion measure H.R. 2938 [http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d105:h.r.02938:], introduced by Rep. Bilirakis;

S. 1491 [http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d105:s.01491:] and S. 1492 [http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d105:s.01492:], the Healthy and Smoke Free Children Act, introduced by Senator Kennedy; and

S. 1530 [http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d105:s.01530:], the Placing Restraints on Tobacco's Endangerment of Children and Teens (PROTECT) Act, introduced by Senator Hatch.

House bills in addition to the companion measures noted above included:

H.R. 2519 [http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d105:h.r.02519:], the Tobacco-Free Youth Act, introduced by Rep. DeGette;

H.R. 2594 [http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d105:h.r.02594:], the Control Youth Access to Tobacco Act, introduced by Rep. Fox;

H.R. 3027 [http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d105:h.r.03027:] to increase the tobacco excise tax, introduced by Rep. DeLauro;

H.R. 2897 [http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d105:h.r.02897:] to tax tobacco sales through vending machines, introduced by Rep. John Lewis;

H.R. 2740 [http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d105:h.r.02740:] limiting attorneys' fees related to the settlement, introduced by Rep. McInnis; and

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