Pocketbook of Electric Utility Industry Statistics, Edison Electric Institute, p. 119.
 "Orders Instituting Rulemaking and Investigation of the Commission's Proposed Policy Governing Restructuring of California's Electric Services Industry and Reforming Regulation," California Public Utilities Commission, R.94-04-031 and I.94-04-032, April 20, 1994.
 "Positioning the Electric Utility to Build Information Infrastructure," DOE/ER-0638, November 1994.
 The PowerView System: Two-Way Communications for Electric Utility Applications, Edison Electric Institute, 1994.
 Cohen, Robert. 1992. The Impact of Broadband Communications on the U.S. Economy and on Competitiveness. Economic Strategy Institute, p. 1.
 Cronin, Francis, et al., Telecommunications Network Modernization and the California Economy. DRI/McGraw Hill, May 1993.
 Cronin, Francis, et al., Pennsylvania Telecommunications Infrastructure Study, Vol. V, pp. XIII–28, 29, DRI/McGraw Hill, May 1993.
 Cronin, Francis, et al., "Telecommunications Technology, Sectoral Prices, and International Competitiveness," Telecommunications Policy, September/October 1992.
 The Role of Electric Companies in the Information Economy, Mesa Research, Redondo Beach, Calif., August 1994.
 Glasgow's Fully Interactive Communications & Control System, Glasgow Electric Plant Board, Glasgow, Ky.
 "News from AT&T," press release, January 23, 1995.
 "Surfing the Energy Channel," Frontlines, Bruce W. Radford, ed., May 15, 1995.
 Press release from TECO Energy and IBM, April 1995; contact Mike Mahoney, TECO; and John Boudreaux, IBM.
 Press release, January 23, 1995; contact Steve Becker, Cox Communications; Doug Durran, Continental Cablevision; Joe Waz, Comcast Corporation; and Lela Cocoros, Tele-Communications Inc.
 The Role of Broadband Communications in the Utility of the Future, Anderson Consulting, San Francisco, Calif., 1994.
 Kagan, Paul, Marketing New Media, December 14, 1992, p. 4.
 "Supply and Demand of Electric Power and the NII," The Information Infrastructure: Reaching Society's Goals, Report of the Information Infrastructure Task Force Committee on Applications and Technology, NIST Special Publication 868, U.S. Government Printing Office, September 1994.
 San Diego: City of the Future, The Role of Telecommunications, International Center for Communications, San Diego State University, March 1994.
 Aiken, R.J., and J.S. Cavallini, "Standards: Too Much of a Good Thing?," Connexions: The Interoperability Report 8(8), and ACM StandardView 2(2), 1994.
 Computer Science and Telecommunications Board, National Research Council, Evolving the High Performance Computing and Communications Initiative to Support the Nation's Information Infrastructure. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 1995.
 Private communication, Steven R. Rivkin, Washington, D.C.