1. Private communication with W. Blalock, Bell Communications Research.
2. National Communications System. 1988. "May 8, 1988, Hinsdale, Illinois Telecommunications Outage," Aug. 2.
3. Brown, B., and B. Wallace. 1988. "CO Outage Refuels Users' Disaster Fears," Network World, July 11.
4. Sims, C. 1988. "AT&T Acts to Avert Recurrence of Long-Distance Line Disruption," New York Times, November 26.
5. Schlender, B. 1988. "Computer Virus, Infiltrating Network, Shuts Down Computers Around World," Wall Street Journal, November 28.
6. Fitzgerald, K. 1990. "Vulnerability Exposed in AT&T's 9-Hour Glitch," The Institute, March.
7. Andrews, E. 1991. "String of Phone Failures Reveals Computer Systems' Vulnerability," New York Times, July 3.
8. City of New York. 1992. "Mayor's Task Force on Telecommunications Network Reliability," January.
9. National Research Council. 1989. Growing Vulnerability of the Public Switched Networks: Implications for National Security Emergency Preparedness. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.
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11. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, January 1994.
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As of 2013, the National Science Education Standards have been replaced by the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), available as a print book, free PDF download, and online with our OpenBook platform.
The NGSS offer a detailed description of the key scientific ideas and practices that all students should learn by the time they graduate from high school. The standards are based largely on the 2011 National Research Council report A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas.